Fly (move)

This article is about the move Fly. For the game mechanic used to instantly travel to previously visited locations, see Flight.
For the field move in Pokémon Ranger, see Field Move (Ranger).
For the animated short with the Japanese name of "Fly", see Hoopa's Surprise Ring Adventures.

Fly
そらをとぶ Fly
Fly IX.png
Fly IX 2.png
Type  Flying
Category  Physical
PP  15 (max. 24)
Power  90
Accuracy  95%
Priority  {{{priority}}}
Target
Foe Foe Foe
Self Ally Ally
May affect anyone but the user
Availability
Introduced  Generation I
Condition  Smart
Appeal  1
Jam  0  
Can avoid being startled by others.
Condition  Smart
Appeal  1
Earn +3 if no other Pokémon has chosen the same Judge.
Condition  Clever
Appeal  2 ♥♥
Jamming  0  
Prevents the user from being startled one time this turn.

Fly (Japanese: そらをとぶ Fly) is a damage-dealing Flying-type move introduced in Generation I.

It is:

Effect

In battle

Generation I

On the turn that Fly is selected, the user will fly up high and become semi-invulnerable, where the only attacks it cannot avoid are Bide and Swift. On the following turn, Fly will inflict damage, PP will be deducted from it, and it will count as the last move used. Once Fly is selected, the user will be unable to switch out unless Fly is disrupted or fully executed.

If Fly is not fully executed, PP will not be deducted from it, and it will not count as the last move used. If the opponent uses Mirror Move during the turn that the user flies up high, Mirror Move will copy the move that the user executed immediately before using Fly (or fail if it cannot).

Full paralysis and self-inflicted damage due to confusion will disrupt Fly. Additionally, if the user is fully paralyzed during the semi-invulnerable turn of Fly, it will not be reset until the user switches out or fully executes Fly.

From Pokémon Stadium onward, Fly will allow the user to avoid Bide. Full paralysis will reset the semi-invulnerable turn of Fly. Mirror Move will copy Fly on either of the turns it takes to execute.

Pokémon can be caught during the semi-invulnerable stage of Fly.

Generation II

The user can now be hit by Gust, Thunder, Twister, and Whirlwind during the semi-invulnerable turn of Fly, and will receive double damage from Gust and Twister.

The user may also be hit in the air if it was previously targeted by Lock-On or Mind Reader, and then struck the following turn, unless said move was Magnitude, Earthquake, or Fissure. Swift and Bide no longer hit on their own during the semi-invulnerable turn of Fly.

Starting in this generation, if a Pokémon flies into the air but the battle ends before it can come down (such as from a wild Pokémon using Teleport or Self-Destruct), the PP was already deducted on the first turn. No additional PP will be deducted when the move hits on the second turn.

Due to a glitch in this generation only, when Lock-On or Mind Reader are in effect, the moves Attract, Curse, Foresight, Mean Look, Mimic, Nightmare, Spider Web, and Transform cannot hit targets in the semi-invulnerable turn of Fly, and moves cannot lower stats of targets in the semi-invulnerable turn of Fly (status moves such as String Shot will fail, and additional effects of moves such as Bubble will not activate).

Generation III

The user can now also be hit by Sky Uppercut during the semi-invulnerable turn of Fly.

Magnitude, Earthquake, and Fissure will now hit a Pokémon using Fly as usual when the target is under the effect of Lock-On or Mind Reader.

Generation IV

Fly's base power was increased from 70 to 90. It cannot be used if Gravity is in effect, and if Gravity takes effect on the same turn Fly was used, the latter move is canceled.

The user is now unable to avoid moves used by Pokémon with the Ability No Guard during the semi-invulnerable turn of Fly, and unable to avoid moves if it has No Guard. If the user is hit by Gust or Twister during the semi-invulnerable turn, the move's power will be doubled rather than the damage dealt (resulting in virtually the same effect).

Generation V onwards

The user can also be hit with Hurricane, Smack Down, and Thousand Arrows during the semi-invulnerable turn of Fly. If Smack Down or Thousand Arrows hits, the user of Fly will be knocked down, cancelling the move. If the user is hit by Gust or Twister during the semi-invulnerable turn, the damage dealt will be doubled rather than the move's power (resulting in virtually the same effect).

If a Power Herb is held by the user, Fly can be executed in one turn.

Fly can hit non-adjacent opponents in Triple Battles.

Outside of battle

Main article: Flight

Fly is used as a field move to instantly travel to previously visited locations. Most possible Fly destinations are primarily cities and towns, but other significant locations can be flown to as well.

In Pokémon Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire, players can fly to any area marked on the PokéNav Plus's Town Map. When the player flies to a route or a landmark, they will land in front of a sign that marks the area if there is one, or an otherwise suitable spot. In addition to the Party menu, players can use Fly through the AreaNav.

Starting in Generation VII, Fly is no longer a field move. This function is served by the Poké Ride Charizard Glide in Pokémon Sun, Moon, Ultra Sun, and Ultra Moon; the Secret Technique Sky Dash in Pokémon: Let's Go, Pikachu! and Let's Go, Eevee!; the Flying Taxi in Pokémon Sword, Shield, Scarlet, and Violet; and the Pokétch's Hidden Moves app in Pokémon Brilliant Diamond and Shining Pearl.

Description

Games Description
Stad The Pokémon flies high, then strikes in the next turn. Used for flying to places already visited.
Stad2 The Pokémon flies high, then strikes in the next turn. Used to fly to places already visited.
GSC 1st turn: Fly
2nd turn: Attack
RSE Flies up on the first turn, then strikes the next turn.*
Flies up on the first turn, then attacks next turn.*
FRLG A 2-turn move that hits on the 2nd turn. Use it to fly to any known town.
Colo.XD Flies up on the first turn, then strikes the next turn.
DPPtHGSS The user soars, then strikes on the second turn. It can also be used for flying to any familiar town.*
The user soars, then strikes on the second turn. It can also be used to fly to any familiar town.*
PBR The user soars high, then strikes on the second turn.
BWB2W2 The user soars, then strikes its target on the second turn. It can also be used for flying to any familiar town.
The user soars, then strikes on the second turn. It can also be used to fly to any familiar town.*
XYORAS The user soars and then strikes its target on the next turn. This can also be used to fly to any familiar town.
SMUSUM The user soars and then strikes its target on the next turn.
PE
SwShLA
The user flies up into the sky and then strikes its target on the next turn.
BDSP The user flies up into the sky and then strikes its target on the next turn. It’s also one of the Pokétch’s hidden moves.
SV The user flies up into the sky on the first turn, then attacks on the next turn.


Learnset

By leveling up

# Pokémon Types Egg Groups Level
0142    
 
Flying Flying - - - - - 49 - -
0373    
 
Dragon Dragon 50 50 50 50 1, Evo. 1, Evo. 1, Evo. Evo.
0384    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered 45 45DPPt
65HGSS
65 65 65 63 63 63
0661    
 
Flying Flying - - 50 50
0662    
 
Flying Flying - - 64 64
0663    
 
Flying Flying - - 74 74
0738    
 
Bug Bug - 50 50
0780    
 
Monster Dragon 45 45
0841    
 
Grass Dragon 40 40
0931  
Squawkabilly
All forms
 
 
Flying Flying 30
1005    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered 70
Bold indicates a Pokémon gains STAB from this move.
Italics indicates a Pokémon whose evolution or alternate form receives STAB from this move.


By TM/HM

# Pokémon Types Egg Groups Compatibility
0006    
 
Monster Dragon Y
0016    
 
Flying Flying
0017    
 
Flying Flying
0018    
 
Flying Flying
0021    
 
Flying Flying
0022    
 
Flying Flying
0041    
 
Flying Flying - - -
0042    
 
Flying Flying - - -
0083    
 
Flying Field
0084    
 
Flying Flying -
0085    
 
Flying Flying
0142    
 
Flying Flying
0144    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0144  
Articuno
Galarian Form
 
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0145    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0145  
Zapdos
Galarian Form
 
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0146    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0146  
Moltres
Galarian Form
 
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0149    
 
Water 1 Dragon -
0151     No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0163    
 
Flying Flying
0164    
 
Flying Flying
0169    
 
Flying Flying
0176    
 
Flying Fairy
0178    
 
Flying Flying
0198    
 
Flying Flying
0225    
 
Water 1 Field
0227    
 
Flying Flying
0249    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0250    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0276    
 
Flying Flying
0277    
 
Flying Flying
0278    
 
Water 1 Flying
0279    
 
Water 1 Flying
0329    
 
Bug Dragon
0330    
 
Bug Dragon
0333    
 
Flying Dragon
0334    
 
Flying Dragon
0357    
 
Monster Grass
0373    
 
Dragon Dragon
0380    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0381    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0384    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0396    
 
Flying Flying
0397    
 
Flying Flying
0398    
 
Flying Flying
0425    
 
Amorphous Amorphous - - - - - -
0426    
 
Amorphous Amorphous
0430    
 
Flying Flying
0441    
 
Flying Flying
0468    
 
Flying Fairy
0487  
Giratina
All available forms
 
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0493  
Arceus
All available forms
  No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0519    
 
Flying Flying
0520    
 
Flying Flying
0521  
Unfezant
All forms
 
 
Flying Flying
0527    
 
Field Flying
0528    
 
Field Flying
0561    
 
Flying Flying
0567    
 
Flying Water 3
0580    
 
Water 1 Flying
0581    
 
Water 1 Flying
0623    
 
Mineral Mineral
0627    
 
Flying Flying
0628    
 
Flying Flying
0628  
Braviary
Hisuian Form
 
 
Flying Flying
0629    
 
Flying Flying
0630    
 
Flying Flying
0635    
 
Dragon Dragon
0637    
 
Bug Bug
0641  
Tornadus
All available forms
  No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0642  
Thundurus
All available forms
 
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0643    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0644    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0645  
Landorus
All available forms
 
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0646  
Kyurem
All available forms
 
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0649  
Genesect
All forms
 
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0661    
 
Flying Flying
0662    
 
Flying Flying
0663    
 
Flying Flying
0701    
 
Flying Human-Like
0714    
 
Flying Dragon
0715    
 
Flying Dragon
0717    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0731    
 
Flying Flying
0732    
 
Flying Flying
0733    
 
Flying Flying
0738    
 
Bug Bug -
0741  
Oricorio
All forms
 
 
Flying Flying
0780    
 
Monster Dragon
0785    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0792    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0797    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0804    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered USUM
0821     Flying Flying
0822     Flying Flying
0823    
 
Flying Flying
0841    
 
Grass Dragon
0845    
 
Water 1 Flying
0887    
 
Amorphous Dragon
0890    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0905  
Enamorus
All forms
 
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
0931  
Squawkabilly
All forms
 
 
Flying Flying
0940    
 
Water 1 Flying
0941    
 
Water 1 Flying
0962    
 
Flying Flying
0973    
 
Flying Flying
0993    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
1005    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
1016    
 
No Eggs Discovered No Eggs Discovered
Bold indicates a Pokémon gains STAB from this move.
Italics indicates a Pokémon whose evolution or alternate form receives STAB from this move.


Special move

Generation IV

# Pokémon Types Egg Groups Obtained with
0025     Field Fairy Pokéwalker - Yellow Forest
Bold indicates a Pokémon gains STAB from this move.
Italics indicates a Pokémon whose evolution or alternate form receives STAB from this move.


By event

Generation I

# Pokémon Types Egg Groups Obtained with
0025     Field Fairy CoroCoro Flying Pikachu
Bold indicates a Pokémon gains STAB from this move.
Italics indicates a Pokémon whose evolution or alternate form receives STAB from this move.


Generation III

# Pokémon Types Egg Groups Obtained with
0025     Field Fairy ANA Pikachu
Sapporo Pikachu
GW Pikachu
PotD Pikachu
Bold indicates a Pokémon gains STAB from this move.
Italics indicates a Pokémon whose evolution or alternate form receives STAB from this move.


Generation V

# Pokémon Types Egg Groups Obtained with
0025     Field Fairy All Nippon Airways Pikachu
2012 World Championships Pikachu
Bold indicates a Pokémon gains STAB from this move.
Italics indicates a Pokémon whose evolution or alternate form receives STAB from this move.


Generation VI

# Pokémon Types Egg Groups Obtained with
0025     Field Fairy Pokémon Center Online Pikachu
Bold indicates a Pokémon gains STAB from this move.
Italics indicates a Pokémon whose evolution or alternate form receives STAB from this move.


Generation VII

# Pokémon Types Egg Groups Obtained with
0025     Field Fairy Pokémon World Festival Pikachu
Bold indicates a Pokémon gains STAB from this move.
Italics indicates a Pokémon whose evolution or alternate form receives STAB from this move.


Generation IX

# Pokémon Types Egg Groups Obtained with
0025     Field Fairy Flying Terastal Pikachu
Bold indicates a Pokémon gains STAB from this move.
Italics indicates a Pokémon whose evolution or alternate form receives STAB from this move.


In other games

Pokémon Mystery Dungeon series

Fly gives the user the flying status on the first turn. While the user is in the air, the Pokémon cannot be hit by moves (except moves such as Gust, Thunder, Twister and Sky Uppercut). Projectiles will also pass the user as if their tile was empty. On the second turn, the user attacks the enemy in front. In the Rescue Team, Explorers and Adventure Squad series, the move's damage is doubled at the end of damage calculation.

Due to it being a two-turn move, this move cannot be linked. Fly cannot be used in a Pokémon Tower in the Adventure Squad series.

When used by a Gigantic Pokémon in Gates to Infinity, Fly has a base PP of 20, base accuracy of 90%, and the user can move to hit an enemy anywhere in the room.

Game Base
Power
Max
Power
Base
PP
Max
PP
Base
Accuracy
Max
Accuracy
Range Target Cuts
corners
MDRB 14 - 12 - 100% - Front Enemy No
MDTDS 14 - 12 - 100% - Front Enemy No
BSL 14 - 12 - 100% - Front Enemy No
MDGtI 40 99 13 50 95% 98% Front Enemy No
SMD 37 99 13 30 95% 98% Front Enemy No
With some exceptions, Pokémon learnsets match those from the core series games:

Super Smash Bros. series

Fly is Charizard's up special. It cloaks itself in fire as it rotates in the air while gaining height, damaging nearby enemies. It acts as a recovery move for returning to the stage.

Moltres's Trophy states that it uses Fly when summoned from a Poké Ball. However, this instance of the move is much more similar to the flying action that a bird makes, rather than the actual move Fly.

The Smash Bros. DOJO!!, the official website for Super Smash Bros. Brawl states that Mew, Celebi, and Jirachi all use Fly when leaving the screen after being summoned from a Poké Ball, however, of the three, only Mew can learn it in the core series.[1]

Pokémon GO

In Pokémon GO, Fly is a Charged Attack that has been available since July 3, 2020.

  Fly
Charged Attack
Gyms & Raids
Power 80
Energy cost 50
Duration 1.8 seconds
Damage window 1.2 - 1.5 seconds
 
Trainer Battles
Power 80
Energy cost 45
Secondary effect ?
Effect chance ?%
Eligible Pokémon:
Standard eligibility
               
By Elite Charged TM
By GO Snapshot
As Shadow Pokémon
As Purified Pokémon
Formerly eligible
None

Pokémon Masters EX

Category Move Gauge MP Base Power Max Power Accuracy Target Effect Tag Description Playable Users
Physical 3 169 202 95% An opponent Quick Move; Flying The user begins flying. After a set time, the user stops flying and attacks. No other actions can be taken while flying. Most moves used by opponents will not hit the user while it is flying. If the user is attacked by a sync move or max move while flying, it will stop flying.* Nate & Braviary
Falkner & Swellow
Nita & Landorus*
  • Description prior to Version 2.11.0*: ...If the user is hit by a sync move while flying, it will stop flying.
  • Description prior to Version 2.23.5*: ...If the user is hit by a sync move or max move while flying, it will stop flying.

Pokémon Rumble Rush

  Fly
★★★★
Attack power 34.96338
Charge time 0.94 seconds
Range type Dash
Number of hits 2
Number of projectiles 1
Critical hit rate 1.5%
Additional effect None

Pokémon UNITE

In Pokémon UNITE, Fly is Talonflame's first move. It is obtained by evolving from Fletchinder at level 7 and upgrading Acrobatics into it instead of Brave Bird. The user flies up into the sky, becoming untargetable. After 3s, the user dives at the targeted area, damaging all enemies in the area. Fly can be recast to dive early. This move's cooldown is reduced by 40% if it hits an enemy player. At level 13, the hit enemies are also knocked up.

Description

Games Description
MDRB The user gains the Flying status, making it attack strongly on the next turn. It is not possible to link this move.
MDTDS Gives the user a Flying status, which causes the Pokémon to charge power for 1 turn, then try a powerful attack on the next turn. You can't link this move.
BSL そらをとぶじょうたいになり ちからをため つぎのこうどうで いりょくのたかい こうげきを くりだす このわざは ポケモンタワーでは くりだせない
MDGtI You soar, then strike your enemy during the second turn. You won't be hit by an item or a move while you're in the air.
The Pokémon soars, then strikes its enemies on the second turn. It evades items or moves while it's in the air.*
Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS/Wii U Spiral into the sky, and hit opponents multiple times.*
SMD You soar, get the flying status condition, and then strike your enemy in the next turn. While you're in the air, you won't be hit by items or moves.


In the anime

Main series

 
Golurk
 
Shiny Golurk
The user soars into the air, then strikes. It can also be used for flying anywhere.
Pokémon Method
User First Used In Notes
  Golurk pulls its legs and hands into its body and releases powerful orange or light blue flames from the sockets to propel it into the air like a rocket and flies forward to slams its body into the opponent.
Juanita's Golurk White—Victini and Zekrom
Black—Victini and Reshiram
Debut
Ridley's Golurk Meloetta and the Undersea Temple! None


  • In the English dub of Fighting Flyer with Fire, Ash told his Charizard to use Fly. In the Japanese version, he merely told Charizard to take flight. In either case, Charizard was unable to execute the command due to a wing injury.

POKÉTOON

In the manga

Be the Best! Pokémon B+W


Phantom Thief Pokémon 7


Pokémon Adventures


  • Shelly's two Vibrava were revealed to know Fly on the official website, but they were never seen using the move.
  • Courtney, Tabitha, and Blaise's Swellow were revealed to know Fly on the official website, but they have never been seen using the move.

Pocket Monsters Platinum: Aim to Be Battle King!!


In other generations

In battle

Core series games

Side series games

Spin-off series games

Outside of battle

Main article: Flight → Gallery

Trivia

  • Many Pokémon noted for their ability to fly over long distances are unable to learn this move, such as Yanmega, which is easily capable of transporting an adult in flight according to its Pokédex entry from HeartGold. Conversely, Pokémon such as Vullaby can learn it, despite Pokédex entries stating they are incapable of flight.
  • Despite Bug/Flying being the second most common type combination, the only Bug types able to learn Fly are Volcarona, Genesect, and Vikavolt, which are not Flying-types.
  • In Pokémon Colosseum, Charizard and Salamence dive into the ground on the second turn of Fly.
  • When Doduo and Dodrio use Fly in the 3D side-series games, they are shown running midair.
  • The Sightseer who gives out TM76 (Fly) in Pokémon Sun, Moon, Ultra Sun, and Ultra Moon says that although the machine is an HM in Johto because of its rarity, it is "just another TM" in Alola.
  • Although flying Pokémon are commonly shown carrying their Trainers on their backs in the anime, and many of these Pokémon are capable of learning Fly in the games, the move itself would not be depicted in the anime until White—Victini and Zekrom and Black—Victini and Reshiram. This makes Fly the most recent HM move to officially debut in the anime.

In other languages

Language Title
Chinese Cantonese 飛翔 Fēichèuhng
Mandarin 飛翔 / 飞翔 Fēixiáng
  Danish Flyve*
Flyv*
  Dutch Vlieg
Vliegen*
  Finnish Ilmaisku*
  French Vol
  German Fliegen
  Greek Πέταγμα Pétagma
  Hindi उर्रो Urro
  Indonesian Terbang
  Italian Volo
  Korean 공중날기 Gongjungnalgi
Portuguese   Brazil Voar
  Portugal Voo
Voar*
  Serbian Let
  Spanish Vuelo
  Swedish Flyga*
  Thai บินขึ้น
  Turkish Uçma
  Vietnamese Bay Lượn Trên Bầu Trời

References



Generation I TMs
01020304050607080910111213141516171819202122232425
26272829303132333435363738394041424344454647484950
Generation I HMs
0102030405
Generation II TMs
01020304050607080910111213141516171819202122232425
26272829303132333435363738394041424344454647484950
Generation II HMs
01020304050607
Generation III TMs
01020304050607080910111213141516171819202122232425
26272829303132333435363738394041424344454647484950
Generation III HMs
0102030405060708RSE
Generation IV TMs
0102030405060708091011121314151617181920212223
2425262728293031323334353637383940414243444546
4748495051525354555657585960616263646566676869
7071727374757677787980818283848586878889909192
Generation IV HMs
01020304 • 05 (DPPtHGSS) • 060708
Generation V TMs
01020304050607080910111213141516171819
20212223242526272829303132333435363738
39404142434445464748495051525354555657
58596061626364656667686970717273747576
77787980818283848586878889909192939495
Generation V HMs
010203040506
Generation VI TMs
0102030405060708091011121314151617181920212223242526
2728293031323334353637383940414243444546474849505152
5354555657585960616263646566676869707172737475767778
798081828384858687888990919293 • 94 (XYORAS) • 9596979899100
Generation VI HMs
010203040506ORAS07ORAS
Generation VII TMs
SMUSUM
0102030405060708091011121314151617181920
2122232425262728293031323334353637383940
4142434445464748495051525354555657585960
6162636465666768697071727374757677787980
81828384858687888990919293949596979899100
PE
0102030405060708091011121314151617181920
2122232425262728293031323334353637383940
4142434445464748495051525354555657585960
Generation VIII TMs
SwSh
0001020304050607080910111213141516171819
2021222324252627282930313233343536373839
4041424344454647484950515253545556575859
6061626364656667686970717273747576777879
8081828384858687888990919293949596979899
BDSP
0102030405060708091011121314151617181920
2122232425262728293031323334353637383940
4142434445464748495051525354555657585960
6162636465666768697071727374757677787980
81828384858687888990919293949596979899100
Generation VIII TRs (SwSh)
0001020304050607080910111213141516171819
2021222324252627282930313233343536373839
4041424344454647484950515253545556575859
6061626364656667686970717273747576777879
8081828384858687888990919293949596979899
Generation IX TMs
SV
001002003004005006007008009010011012013014015016017018019
020021022023024025026027028029030031032033034035036037038
039040041042043044045046047048049050051052053054055056057
058059060061062063064065066067068069070071072073074075076
077078079080081082083084085086087088089090091092093094095
096097098099100101102103104105106107108109110111112113114
115116117118119120121122123124125126127128129130131132133
134135136137138139140141142143144145146147148149150151152
153154155156157158159160161162163164165166167168169170171
Added in SV 2.0.1
172173174175176177178179180181182183184185186
187188189190191192193194195196197198199200201
Added in SV 3.0.0
202203204205206207208209210211212213214215216
217218219220221222223224225226227228229


  This article is part of Project Moves and Abilities, a Bulbapedia project that aims to write comprehensive articles on two related aspects of the Pokémon games.