Volcarona is a large, moth-like Pokémon with four small feet. It appears to have compound eyes that are two shades of blue, and there is a red horn-like structure on each side of its face. The fuzz on its upper body is smoky white and tangled. Its abdomen is black in the center and light blue with black dots on the outside. It has six leaf-like wings that are orange in color and have small black spots.
Volcarona releases burning scales from its wings to engulf the battlefield in a sea of fire. Volcarona's flames are said to provide a replacement for the sun when the atmosphere is dark with volcanic ash, and some legends claim that it hatched from a cocoon of raging flames to save people and Pokémon in freezing climates or start fires. Volcarona does this by scattering its burning scales. It was feared as the "rage of the sun" by ancient people, and it was even worshiped as a deity of fire in some places. Volcarona's shrine in Relic Castle remains as a testament to the respect it commanded.
It also shares its category with Solgaleo in Japanese, as Solgaleo is also known as the Sun Pokémon in that language.
Volcarona is based on a moth, particularly the Atlas moth or cecropia moth. Conceptually, it seems to be derived from the phrase "like a moth to a flame", which refers to the observed positive phototaxis demonstrated by moths. It may also have been inspired by Mothra, a famous Kaiju.
It may be also based on a solar deity. Its wings may be based on the petals of a tiger lily, having the same number of extensions, black spots, and red-orange coloring. The black spots on its wings may also represent the dark spots on the sun. The head and antennae of Volcarona bear a resemblance to the headpiece of Hathor, which depicts the horns of the goddess cradling a disk representing the sun in between.
In addition, Volcarona's appearance may be loosely based on a seraph, a type of angel that is often associated with fire, as its name literally translates to "burning one". Like Volcarona, seraphim are often depicted with six red wings and no legs.
Volcarona is a combination of volcano and corona, referring to its Fire type and status as the Sun Pokémon. It may also refer to Vulcan, the Roman god of fire.
Ulgamoth is a combination of ウルカヌス Urukanusu (Vulcan), 蛾 ga (moth), and moth.
In other languages
From ウルカヌス Urukanusu, 蛾 ga and the English word moth