This card was included in the Base Set with artwork by Keiji Kinebuchi, first released in the Japanese Expansion Pack. It was reprinted in the Base Set 2 expansion. It was reprinted again in the Japanese Tamamushi City Gym and Yamabuki City Gym theme decks, and the Chikorita Side Deck of the Japanese Intro Pack Neo.
It was later reprinted with updated text and new artwork by Ryo Ueda in the Diamond & Pearl expansion, first released in the Japanese Space-Time Creation expansion. The key difference between the original and this print is that the original applied its effect after applying Weakness and Resistance, while the new print applied its effect before applying Weakness and Resistance. This print was reprinted in the Secret Wonders expansion, first released in the Japanese Dialga LV.X and Palkia LV.X Constructed Standard Decks, in both half decks of the Japanese Magmortar vs Electivire Deck Kit, the Infernape Half Deck of the Japanese Entry Pack '08. It was reprinted again in the Platinum expansion, first released in the Giratina Half Deck of the Japanese Entry Pack DPt.
PlusPower was later reclassified in Japan as an Item card during the LEGEND Era, though the English prints did not adopt this naming convention until the release of the Black & White expansion. It was reprinted in the Unleashed expansion with new artwork by Hideaki Hakozaki, first released in the Raichu Starter Deck of the Japanese Battle Starter Decks. This print changes "Active Pokémon" in the second paragraph to "Defending Pokémon", easing possible confusion over the intended target of the card's effect, but was later given errata to revert it back to the wording first used in the Diamond & Pearl print.
PlusPower was then reprinted in the Japanese Reviving Legends expansion with new artwork by Ryo Ueda. This print was later included in the Black & White expansion, first released in the Japanese White Collection expansion with new artwork by 5ban Graphics. The Black & White print was later reprinted in Japan as one of the BW-P Promotional cards with a commemorative stamp awarded to those who participated in the Summer Carnival Cup at the Summer Carnival from July 23 to August 28. In Japan, the Black & White print was reprinted again in the Master Deck Build Box EX, Everyone's Exciting Battle, and the Extra Regulation Box.