Pokémon data structure (Generation II)

The Pokémon data structure in the Generation II games stores most information about the current state of a player's caught Pokémon. It has a length of 48 bytes for Pokémon in the player's party and 32 bytes for Pokémon in Boxes on Bill's PC. The information lost when depositing a Pokémon in Bill's PC is its status condition, HP, Attack, Defense, Speed, Special Attack and Special Defense; this allows the Box trick to work by recalculating the lost information upon withdrawing the Pokémon again.

The structure

Offset Contents Size
0x00 Index number of the species 1 byte
0x01 Index number of held item 1 byte
0x02 Index number of move 1 1 byte
0x03 Index number of move 2 1 byte
0x04 Index number of move 3 1 byte
0x05 Index number of move 4 1 byte
0x06 Original Trainer ID number 2 bytes
0x08 Experience points 3 bytes
0x0B HP EV data 2 bytes
0x0D Attack EV data 2 bytes
0x0F Defense EV data 2 bytes
0x11 Speed EV data 2 bytes
0x13 Special EV data 2 bytes
0x15 IV data 2 bytes
0x17 Move 1's PP values 1 byte
0x18 Move 2's PP values 1 byte
0x19 Move 3's PP values 1 byte
0x1A Move 4's PP values 1 byte
0x1B Friendship/Remaining Egg cycles 1 byte
0x1C Pokérus 1 byte
0x1D Caught data 2 bytes
0x1F Level 1 byte
0x20 Status condition 1 byte
0x21 Unused byte 1 byte
0x22 Current HP 2 bytes
0x24 Maximum HP 2 bytes
0x26 Attack 2 bytes
0x28 Defense 2 bytes
0x2A Speed 2 bytes
0x2C Special Attack 2 bytes
0x2E Special Defense 2 bytes

Notably missing from this structure are the Pokémon's nickname, the original Trainer's name, and whether or not the Pokémon is an Egg, which are stored elsewhere.

Pokémon stored in Bill's PC use a form of this structure that stops after the level data, at 0x1F.

The Pokémon Box data consists only of the currently open Pokémon Box, which explains the need for the player to save the game before switching the open Box. The current Box is represented in volatile RAM at a given offset depending on which version is being used, and continues for 640 bytes (32 bytes each for 20 Pokémon).


The Generation I Pokémon data structure initially had 44 bytes—33 "core bytes" and 11 "temporary bytes" when withdrawn from the PC. In Generation II, Pokémon are now represented by 48 bytes—32 "core bytes" and 16 "temporary bytes" when withdrawn from the PC. This makes Pokémon storage in RAM slightly cleaner to access/modify than in previous Generation I games.

This structure is nearly the same as the Generation I structure, but with a few items moved around and the addition of four more bytes of data.

Removed data

  • The catch rate from the Generation I games is now recycled to store a Pokémon's held item. Held items can be traded between Generation I and II and will still remain in Generation I, despite being unusable. This is because non-wild Pokémon in Generation I never utilize their catch rate data.
  • Six values in the offset range 0x01-0x06 from the Generation I structure have been rearranged, with values from offset 0x07 onwards now taking the place of 0x02 onwards.
    • Remaining HP (2 bytes) is now two "temporary bytes", which explains why a Pokémon's HP is restored when deposited/withdrawn in Generation II, unlike in Generation I.
    • The redundant level value from Generation I is now gone, as a "permanent byte" value is now used to store a Pokémon's level while in the PC.
    • Status condition is also a "temporary byte", as opposed to previously being a "permanent byte", in the same fashion as Remaining HP.
    • A Pokémon's given types (2 bytes) are now removed from its individual data. Instead, in Generation II, a database is used to calculate a Pokémon's type when it gets sent into battle.

Additional data

  • Friendship has now been added right after move 4's PP byte. This value disappears from a Pokémon when traded to Generation I. However, Pokémon traded to any Generation II game will be assigned a default friendship value.
  • Pokérus has also been added right after friendship. Like friendship, this value disappears when traded to Generation I. As such, it is possible to "erase" Pokérus by trading the infected Pokémon between a Generation I game and a Generation II game, as long as it is "compatible" with Generation I.
  • Caught data (2 bytes) has been added after Pokérus. However, these fields are left blank in all versions except Pokémon Crystal.
  • At the very end of the "temporary bytes", Special has now been split up into Special Attack and Special Defense. Both stats utilize the same EV and IV values. However, they are assigned different numbers from the species' given database entry.


IV data

The Pokémon's individual values are stored packed into two bytes, with 4 bits for each IV. From most to least significant, they're stored in the following order: Attack, Defense, Speed, and Special.

Caught data

Pokémon caught in Pokémon Crystal record information about their capture in two bytes. This value is blank (0x00 0x00) for Pokémon obtained in games other than Pokémon Crystal. If a Pokémon is traded to a Generation I game, this data is permanently lost; however, it is retained when traded to Pokémon Gold and Silver, despite those games not recording this data.

In Pokémon Crystal, the Poké Seer in Cianwood City tells the player where their Pokémon was caught, the time at which it was caught, and the level at which it was caught. In Pokémon Stadium 2, checking a Pokémon shows where it was caught, the time at which it was caught, and the level at which it was caught. This information is not otherwise available to the player.

This data is stored in two bytes:

  • Time and level
  • 2 bits: Time of day (1: morning, 2: day, 3: night)
  • 6 bits: Level
  • OT gender and location
  • 1 bit: OT Gender (0: Male, 1: Female)
  • 7 bits: Location

For example, a Cyndaquil that was received in New Bark Town at level 5 by the female Trainer during the daytime would have the following bytes: 85 81 (in hexadecimal format)

  • 2 bits: 10 (decimal 2 - day) and 6 bits: 000101 (decimal 5 - level 5), so 8 bits: 1000 0101 (0x85 in hex)
  • 1 bit: 1 (decimal 1 - female) and 7 bits: 0000001 (decimal 1 - New Bark Town), so 8 bits: 1000 0001 (0x81 in hex)

Pokémon that were hatched from an Egg will have a value of 1 as their 'caught level'. As such, if any Pokémon with a value of 1 for their caught level is brought to the seer, the game will assume they were hatched from an Egg and the seer will state that their caught level was 5.

Data structure in the Pokémon games
General Character encoding
Generation I Pokémon speciesPokémonPoké MartCharacter encodingSave
Generation II Pokémon speciesPokémonTrainerCharacter encoding (Korean) • Save
Generation III Pokémon species (Pokémon evolutionPokédexType chart)
Pokémon (substructures) • MoveContestContest moveItem
Trainer TowerBattle FrontierCharacter encodingSave
Generation IV Pokémon species (Pokémon evolutionLearnsets)
PokémonSaveCharacter encoding
Generation V–present Character encoding
Generation VIII Save
TCG GB and GB2 Character encoding

  This data structure article is part of Project Games, a Bulbapedia project that aims to write comprehensive articles on the Pokémon games.