Difference between revisions of "Pokémon Trading Card Game"

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m (→‎{{DL|Promotional cards (TCG)|Nintendo sets era|Promotional series}}: Added link to the just released 2021 McD collection. Set symbol could be posted though)
The '''Pokémon Trading Card Game''' (Japanese: '''ポケモンカードゲーム''', ''Pokémon Card Game''), often abbreviated as '''Pokémon TCG''' or just '''TCG''', is a tabletop game that involves collecting, trading and playing with Pokémon themed playing cards. It has its own set of rules but uses many motifs and ideas derived from the [[core series|video games]]. There are {{TCG|Pokémon|Pokémon card}}s for every [[List of Pokémon by National Pokédex number|species]] of Pokémon, as well as {{TCG|Trainer card}}s featuring characters, items and other themes of the franchise (each with a different use) and {{TCG|Energy card}}s to power various actions. The artwork for the cards is provided by numerous artists.
The Pokémon TCG is a popular and steady aspect of the [[Pokémon]] franchise and is played and enjoyed by many fans. OverAs of the end of March 2020, over 30.4 billion Pokémon Trading Card Game cards have been produced worldwide in 13 languages, and being sold in 77 countries and regions.<ref>[https://corporate.pokemon.co.jp/en/aboutus/figures/ Pokémon in Figures|The Pokémon Company]</ref> The game is part of the [[Play! Pokémon]] organized play along with the video game series and is also used in the [[Pokémon Trading Card Game Online]].
[[File:JPCardback.jpg|thumb|left|150px|Original back of Japanese cards]]
The Pokémon Trading Card Game was originally published in Japan in October 1996 by [[Media Factory]]. While other Pokémon card series existed in the past (September 1996 - Bandai Pokemon Carddass Part 1 Green & Part 2 Red, regarded as the first ever Pokemon Card release), this was the first card game based on the [[Pokémon]] series. The first Pokémon TCG sets took inspiration from the then released {{game2|Red|Green|Blue}} video games and initially featured illustrations by [[Ken Sugimori]], [[Mitsuhiro Arita]] and [[Keiji Kinebuchi]]. Soon new [[List of Pokémon Trading Card Game expansions|expansions]] began to release with many new artists contributing artwork. Three years later in 1999, Pokémon TCG was introduced in North America by [[Wizards of the Coast]] with the [[{{TCG|Base Set]]}}, and worldwide soon after. In 2003, Wizards of the Coast's license was transferred to [[The Pokémon Company International]] by [[Nintendo]].
New features constantly appear in the Pokémon TCG. With the release of {{game|Gold and Silver|s}} video games, the ''[[#Neo Series|Neo Series]]'' (the second series of [[List of Pokémon Trading Card Game expansions|expansions]]), started bringing several [[Generation II|new Pokémon]] into play. The {{TCG|Metal}} and {{TCG|Darkness}} {{TCG|type}}s of Pokémon cards were also introduced, along with {{TCG|Light Pokémon}} and {{TCG|Dark Pokémon}}. These were eventually discontinued to prevent confusion with the {{tcg|Darkness|Darkness type}}, but returned briefly with the release of the {{TCG|Neo Destiny}} expansion. The ''[[#e-Card Series|e-Card Series]]'' used [[Game Boy Advance]] add-on [[e-Reader]] to display [[Pokédex]] data about the Pokémon, play a minigame, play various tunes in a [[Melody Box]], or activate a special attack for that Pokémon. The ''[[#EX Series|EX Series]]'' was released next (the first series released by [[The Pokémon Company International]] instead of [[Wizards of the Coast]]), introducing the stronger {{TCG|Pokémon-ex}} into the game. The ''[[#Diamond & Pearl Series|Diamond & Pearl Series]]'' brought {{TCG|Pokémon LV.X}}, which were stronger, "Leveled-up" versions of final evolutions. Pokémon LV.X essentially replaced Pokémon-ex and continued until the {{TCG|Platinum: Arceus}} expansion. The ''[[#HeartGold & SoulSilver Series|HeartGold & SoulSilver Series]]'' featured two more types of card, {{TCG|Pokémon LEGEND}}, two-part cards with one Pokémon on each card, and {{TCG|Pokémon Prime}}, Pokémon with powerful and/or tactical attacks. With the release of the {{TCG|Black & White}} expansion, {{TCG|Poké-Power}}s ({{DL|Appendix:Glossary (TCG)|Poké-POWER}}s and {{DL|Appendix:Glossary (TCG)|Poké-BODY}}s) were combined into one mechanic and renamed {{DL|Appendix:Glossary (TCG)|Ability|Abilities}}. ''Pokémon-ex'' returned as {{TCG|Pokémon-EX}} in the ''[[#Black & White Series|Black & White Series]]'' starting with the {{TCG|Next Destinies}} expansion. The {{TCG|Dragon}} Pokémon {{TCG|type}} was introduced in the {{TCG|Dragon Vault}} expansion of the ''Black & White Series''. ''{{DL|Pokémon-EX (TCG)|M Pokémon-EX}}'' were introduced in the {{TCG|XY}} expansion and introduce the [[Mega Evolution]] mechanic featured in the [[Pokémon X and Y]] video games to the TCG. The ''[[#XY Series|XY Series]]'' also introduced the {{TCG|Fairy}} {{TCG|type}} Pokémon. {{TCG|Pokémon-GX}} was introduced in the ''Sun & Moon Series''.