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History of Pokémon

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In July 2001 [[EP205|an episode]] of the anime aired in Japan featuring a Pokémon never previously seen - {{p|Kecleon}}. Soon, Kecleon and others like {{p|Wynaut}}, {{p|Azurill}}, {{p|Duskull}} and {{p|Volbeat}} showed up in theaters in two [[PK10|Pikachu]] [[PK11|shorts]] while {{p|Wailmer}}, {{p|Latias}} and {{p|Latios}} were featured in [[M05|the fifth]] Pokémon movie. During the [[Silver Conference]] Ash battled {{jo|Harrison}}, a Trainer from [[Littleroot Town]] in [[Hoenn]]. [[Professor Birch]], along {{p|Poochyena|with}} {{p|Lotad|other}} {{p|Sharpedo|Pokémon}}, made a cameo in ''[[EP272|Johto Photo Finish]]''. Through this, it became known that the next generation of Pokémon was just around the corner.
Indeed, a major overhaul of the main game series occurred when Pokémon arrived on the [[Game Boy Advance]] on November 21, 2002 when {{2v|Ruby|Sapphire}} were released in Japan. Trainers found themselves in the southern land called [[Hoenn]] where {{cat|Generation III Pokémon|135 new Pokémon}} were waiting to be discovered. The games reached North America on March 18, 2003 and had many new features, the most prominent being [[Pokémon Contest]]s, [[Double Battle]]s, Pokémon [[Ability|{{Abilities]]}} and [[Nature]]s for each Pokémon, along with the reform of [[effort values]] and [[individual values]]. Also introduced in these versions were more types of [[weather]] and two new [[villainous teams]], [[Team Magma]] and [[Team Aqua]]. Due to the extensive changes to the system, however, this generation was not compatible with earlier generations.
[[File:Agseries.jpg|thumb|left|200px|A poster for the [[Advanced Generation series]] of the Pokémon anime]]
The {{pkmn|anime}} [[AG132|caught up]] with both the Generation I remakes and Emerald by having the group travel back to [[Kanto]] and face the Kanto {{Gdis|Battle Frontier|III}} there. During this season's time two more movies were produced: ''[[M08|Lucario and the Mystery of Mew]]'' (premiering in Japan on July 16, 2005) and ''[[M09|Pokémon Ranger and the Temple of the Sea]]'' (debuting in Japanese cinemas on July 15, 2006).
On August 28, 2006, {{PAV|22}} of the [[Pokémon Adventures]] manga was published, starting the {{chap|FireRed & LeafGreen}}, and on June 23, 2007, {{PAV|26}} started the {{chap|Emerald}}. Another short manga series called ''[[Pokémon Battle Frontier]]'' was written by [[Shigekatsu Ihara]], focusing on the {{Gdis|Battle Frontier|III}}.
===Original new concepts===
==Generation IV==
===Diamond and Pearl===
[[File:Dpseries.jpg|thumb|200px|A poster for the {{series|Diamond & Pearl}} animeof seriesthe Pokémon anime]]
Just like with {{p|Kecleon}} in [[Generation III]], the public learned of [[Generation IV]] through a new Pokémon — {{p|Munchlax}} — in May 2004. Munchlax was soon featured in {{g|Dash}}, as well as [[M07|the seventh movie]] and later [[May's Munchlax|the main anime]]. Others such as {{p|Lucario}}, {{p|Bonsly}}, {{p|Mime Jr.}}, and {{p|Weavile}} then made their way to [[M08|the eighth movie]], and {{p|Mantyke}}, {{p|Buizel}}, and {{p|Chatot}} appeared in [[M09|the ninth]], which featured {{p|Manaphy}} — a new [[Mythical Pokémon]] that even became obtainable in {{ga|Pokémon Ranger}}.
{{2v|Diamond|Pearl}} were eventually released for [[Nintendo DS]] in Japan on September 28, 2006, and in North America on April 22, 2007. Along with {{cat|Generation IV Pokémon|107 new Pokémon}} in the new huge land of [[Sinnoh]], these games offered a pseudo-3D rendering of the overworld, the return of the [[time]] system, visible [[List of Pokémon with gender differences|gender differences between Pokémon]], a split between [[physical move|physical]] and [[special move]]s, a new [[villainous team]], known as [[Team Galactic]] and [[Pokémon Super Contest]]s.
The anime {{series|Diamond & Pearl}} [[DP001|started]] in Japan and in the US in synchronization with the release of the games. Like the previous series, it introduced a new female character, {{an|Dawn}}, based on her game counterpart.
The first three {{pkmn|movie}}s of this series form a continuous trilogy. The first part of the trilogy, ''[[M10|The Rise of Darkrai]]'', premiered on July 14, 2007 in Japanese theaters, and aired on February 24, 2008 on North American televisions. The second part, ''[[M11|Giratina and the Sky Warrior]]'', premiered in Japan on July 19, 2008, and aired on February 13, 2009 on North American televisions. The third and final movie of the trilogy, ''[[M12|Arceus and the Jewel of Life]]'', premiered on July 18, 2009 in Japan, has aired on Cartoon Network in the United States on November 20, 2009.
A new {{TCG|Diamond & Pearl|TCG set}} was released in Japan on November 30, 2006 and in the United States on May 23, 2007, featuring the new Pokémon from [[Sinnoh]].
On December 14, 2006, two weeks after the launch of Nintendo's [[Wii]] console, [[Generation IV]] Pokémon turned 3D in the form of {{g|Battle Revolution}}. It was released in the United States on June 25, 2007.
Several manga series were written for the fourth generation. The first volume of ''{{OBP|Pocket Monsters DP|Kosaku Anakubo}}'', the new sequel of ''[[Pokémon Pocket Monsters]]'' and ''[[Pokémon Ruby-Sapphire]]'', was published in Japan on January 26, 2007. One month later, on February 27, [[Shigekatsu Ihara]]'s ''[[Pokémon Diamond and Pearl Adventure!]]'' was first published.
The [[Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Explorers of Time and Explorers of Darkness|paired sequels for]] [[Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Red Rescue Team and Blue Rescue Team|Pokémon Mystery Dungeon]] for [[Nintendo DS]] were released in Japan on September 13, 2007 and in North America on April 20, 2008. Just like before, [[Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Explorers of Time & Darkness|an anime adaptation]] was also produced and [[Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Blazing Exploration Team|a manga series]] was published.
Like with Pokémon Box: Ruby and Sapphire in Generation III, a storage game titled [[My Pokémon Ranch]] was released on March 25, 2008 in Japan and on June 9, 2008 in North America, featuring the character of [[Hayley]].
Another manga series, [[Miho Asada]]'s ''[[Phantom Thief Pokémon 7]]'' was collected and published on March 28, 2008. [[Pokémon Adventures]] then started its {{chap|Diamond & Pearl}} with {{PAV|30}} on December 25, 2008 and later the {{chap|Platinum}} with the {{PAV|38}} on February 28, 2011.
The third [[core series|version]] of [[Generation IV]], {{v|Platinum}}, was released on September 13, 2008 in Japan and on March 22, 2009 in North America, bringing new [[List of Pokémon with form differences|Pokémon forms]] into the ring for {{p|Giratina}}, {{p|Shaymin}}, and {{p|Rotom}}, as well as updates similar to those found in Pokémon Emerald.
===Johto's Heart and Soul===
[[File:LugiaLEGENDHeartGoldSoulSilver113.jpg|thumb|150px|right|{{TCG ID|SoulSilver Collection|Lugia LEGEND|29}}]]
Ever since the [[Generation III]] remakes for the incompatible [[Generation I]] {{2v2|Red|Green}} games, Pokémon fans have widely speculated that remakes of the [[Generation II]] Pokémon games, {{2v2|Gold|Silver}}, would be made for [[Nintendo DS]]. Indeed, the paired remakes, titled {{2v2|HeartGold|SoulSilver}}, were eventually released in Japan on September 12, 2009, and were released in the United States on March 14, 2010. The games were referred to in the {{pkmn|anime}} in [[DP143|an episode]] that featured {{an|Lyra|the counterpart of the new player character}} and the three starter Pokémon of [[Johto]], {{TP|Dawn|one of whom|Quilava}} even joined the regular cast. {{TCG|HeartGold & SoulSilver|A new expansion set}} for the TCG was also released to celebrate the new games.
Some manga series followed the release of the games, such as a new sequel to Pokémon Pocket Monsters, titled ''[[{{OBP|Pocket Monsters HGSS (|Kosaku Anakubo)|Pocket Monsters HGSS]]''}}, of which the first volume was released in June 28, 2011. {{chap|HeartGold & SoulSilver|A new chapter}} of Pokémon Adventures was released, with the first volume coming out in June 28, 2012.
A new game for the Wii: [[PokéPark Wii: Pikachu's Adventure]], was released on December 5, 2009. The game was released in North America and Europe in the spring of 2010.
Unlike previous paired games, which generally differed only in Pokémon distribution, and ultimately, the availability of [[game mascot|the Pokémon on the boxart]] at the conclusion of the main storyline, Black and White feature greater differences between the worlds of the opposite versions on level with those between paired and third version of earlier generations - [[Opelucid City]] in Black is highly technological, while in White it is laid-back and traditional, whereas two version-exclusive locations, [[Black City]] and [[White Forest]], appear in the same location in their same-name version.
[[File:BWseries.png|thumb|200px|A poster for the ''[[{{series|Best Wishes series]]''}} of the Pokémon anime]]
The anime was quick to follow with a new series, {{series2|Best Wishes}}. Unlike previous generations, no Pokémon from Generation V were shown in the closing episodes of the {{series|Diamond & Pearl}}, although the thirteenth movie, ''[[M13|Zoroark Master of Illusions]]'', featured {{p|Zorua}} and {{p|Zoroark}} as major characters, the only Generation V Pokémon featured prior to ''Best Wishes''.
In an unprecedented move, ''two'' movies, rather than one, were released together as [[M14|the fourteenth Pokémon movie]], though the differences between the two are much alike the differences between Black Version and White Version.
Several manga series were released based on the games, such as a sequel to Pokémon Pocket Monsters, titled ''[[{{OBP|Pocket Monsters BW (|Kosaku Anakubo)|Pocket}} Monsters BW]]'',and ''[[Pocket Monsters BW: The Heroes of Fire and Thunder]]'', among many others. [[Pokémon Adventures]] also jumped to the new generation, with the first volume of {{chap|Black & White}} released in January 25, 2013.
===It's a second step into Unova===
===The next evolution===
{{Incomplete|section|This section appears to have last been updated prior to the release of the games and therefore needs new information and context.}}
[[File:XY series poster 2.png|thumb|200px|A poster for the ''[[XY {{series]]''|XY}} of the Pokémon anime]]
On January 8, 2013, Nintendo simultaneously announced to the world that a new generation of Pokémon will be coming to the world through a special edition of [[Nintendo Direct]], called ''Pokémon Direct''. {{g|X and Y}}, the first games in [[Generation VI]], were revealed and were released worldwide on October 12, 2013. These two games introduced several new Pokémon, and the Pokémon series took a new leap into the 3D world on the [[Nintendo 3DS]]. The concept of [[Mega Evolution]] was also introduced. During the unveiling of the new versions, three new [[Starter Pokémon]] were introduced: Grass Type {{p|Chespin}}, Fire Type {{p|Fennekin}} and Water Type {{p|Froakie}}. The games take place in a new region called [[Kalos]], based off of real-world France. These games harkenedhearkened back to Generation I in several ways, by including many older Pokémon from different regions alongside a small amount of new ones, making older Pokémon stronger through Mega Evolution and introducing {{t|Fairy|a brand-new type}} for the first time in over a decade.
The anime was quick to follow with a new series, {{series2|XY}}. As with the previous three series, the XY series began with Ash Ketchum, headed off to the new region with his Pikachu. His previous companions, Iris and Cilan, have left the series. Ash began his journey in Lumiose City. {{an|Clemont}}, {{an|Bonnie}} and {{an|Serena}} having joined him in the series as companions.
Pokémon Adventures started the serialization of its {{chap|X & Y}} following the games' release in October 2013. The first volume of a new series by Kosaku Anakubo, known as ''[[{{OBP|Pocket Monsters XY (|Kosaku Anakubo)|Pocket Monsters XY]]''}}, was released on April 28, 2014.
===Welcome back to Hoenn===
==Generation VII==
===Seven's a lucky number===
[[File:Moon EN boxart.png|left|200px|thumb|Pokémon Moon box art.]]
The seventh generation of Pokémon was announced on February 27, 2016, the franchise's 20th anniversary with the new games {{g|Sun and Moon}} and was released on November 18, 2016.
<!--Please do NOT add anything subjective such as the generation being controversial among fans. Fan opinion on a generation is simply not notable at all.-->
===Forge a path to greatness===
[[File:Sword EN boxart.png|150px|thumb|Pokémon Sword box art.]]
The eighth generation of Pokémon was announced with the reveal of {{g|Sword and Shield}} on February 27, 2019. These games were released internationally on November 15, 2019. Fewer Pokémon were revealed prior to the game's release compared to other generations to increase anticipation.<ref></ref> These games introduced the [[Dynamax]]ing and [[Gigantamax]]ing features, while abandoning the Mega Evolution and Z-Move features introduced in previous generations. The games became the fastest selling Nintendo Switch games, beating out [[Super Smash Bros. Ultimate]] and selling 6 million copies worldwide.
Instead of releasing a separate "third version" or sequel(s) to Sword and Shield, a pair of DLCs, called [[The Isle of Armor]] and [[The Crown Tundra]], were introduced in its place, featuring all-new areas, returning Pokémon, and new Legendaries.
The anime was quick to follow with a [[new series]], which is set to take place in all of the regions from [[Kanto]] to [[Galar]]. It features two protagonists, [[Ash Ketchum]] and {{an|Go}}, along with their partner {{AP|Pikachu}} and {{TP|Go|Scorbunny}}.