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Pokémon

1,162 bytes added, 5 June
Franchise
==Etymology==
[[File:RedGreenMenu.png|frame|The Game Boy's limited screen forced short words.]]
Much as happens with many other {{wp|wasei-eigo|words and phrases borrowed from English}}, the Japanese name for the series, Pocket Monsters, became contracted into "PockemonPokémon" during the development of the original games, likely as much for convenience when referring to it as to save on screen real estate, considering the small size of the [[Game Boy]]'s screen. The official romanization of "PockemonPokémon" at this time was derived from the contraction of '''PockePo'''c'''ke'''t and '''Mon'''ster, and can be seen explicitly in ''[[EP025#Trivia|Primeape Goes Bananas]]'', even in the dub.
 
The "Pokémon" name used today came about during the translation of the games for an English audience during 1997 and 1998. Whereas in Japan, Pocket Monsters was easily able to be trademarked, the release in Americathe United States would prove difficult had this name been used, due to the unrelated {{wp|Monster in My Pocket}} franchise. Thus, an alternate romanization of the contraction was used, with an {{wp|Acute accent#English|acute accent}} over the e to indicate its specific pronunciation, ''poh-kay-mohn''. Despite this issue, however, the fact that Pokémon is short for Pocket Monsters has been referenced in English, with an NPC in {{game2|Diamond|Pearl|Platinum}} asking the player what Pokémon is short for after thinking about the name of the [[Pokétch]], itself a contraction, as well as on the back of the DVD set containing the [[M01|first]], [[M02|second]], and [[M03|third]] {{pkmn|movie}}s.
And, sometimes they poopy.
 
==Franchise==
 
[[File:Spr 1g 006.png|frame|{{p|Charizard}}'s Red and Green sprite]]
With help from [[Shigeru Miyamoto]], the series began development, with the concepts of the original games, {{game|Red and Green|s}}, going into production between 1990 and 1995. At last, in early 1996, the first games in the series were released in Japan, and Tajiri's dream had become reality as did his dream of pooping.. Compared to other games of its time, Pokémon was very limited, with comparatively poor graphics and sound. The series was an overnight success though, and Red and Green were quickly followed by an upgraded [[third version]], {{game|Blue| (Japanese)}}.
 
An {{pkmn|anime}} was produced, with the intention of covering the journey players took through the [[Kanto]] region in the games over the course of a year and a half. About halfway through the anime's run in late 1997, tragedy struck and [[EP038|an episode]] of the anime was found to be responsible for {{wp|epileptic seizure}}s in more than 600 children due to a flashing strobe effect. No one died of these seizures, and after an investigation was put into place, the anime was put on hiatus for four months, later returning to the air to complete the Kanto run in April 1998.
The much-awaited sequels were released in 1999 in Japan and 2000 in the US. {{game|Gold and Silver|s}} revamped the Pokémon world, bringing it into full color, introducing one hundred new Pokémon and addressing many of the issues that had been present in the original games. For example, two new [[type]]s were introduced to address type imbalances. The anime, manga, and other aspects of the franchise followed suit, bringing their characters into the [[Generation II|second generation]].
 
Even after the initial worldwide hype for the series died down, the Pokémon franchise remained strong. A third version was produced for Generation II, focusing on the legendary[[Legendary Pokémon]] {{p|Suicune}}. With {{game|Crystal}}, a female player character was finally introduced, and the games became fully dependent on the [[Game Boy Color]], abandoning the now long-outdated [[Game Boy]]. A [[thirdGeneration generationIII]] was announced for the new [[Game Boy Advance]], and at least among fans, the hype returned.
 
Despite this, when {{game|Ruby and Sapphire|s}} were initially released many people considered them, and Generation III in general, a disappointment. {{an|Misty}}, {{Ash}}'s longtime companion in the anime, left the show and a new girl {{an|May}} joined him. Although 135 new Pokémon were introduced, the games, unlike the Generation II games, were completely incompatible with their predecessors, making 184 of the 251 previously released Pokémon unobtainable without [[cheating]]. This issue was addressed with the unprecedented release of [[remake]]s of the original pair of games, {{game|FireRed and LeafGreen|s}}, which included many of the Pokémon missing from Ruby and Sapphire. In addition, aan thirdenhanced version, of Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire, {{game|Emerald}}, was released and introduced the {{gdis|Battle Frontier|III}} and many other features that would be enjoyed by those who battled Pokémon competitively.
 
Much like the previous generations, the [[Generation IV|fourth generation]] was highly anticipated. {{game|Diamond and Pearl|s}}, released in 2006 in Japan and 2007 in the US, received much praise. These games brought with them many enhancements from Emerald, and for the first time, Pokémon could be played online to battle against and trade with other players across the world. This generation was also noted for introducing the [[physical move|physical]]/[[special move|special]] damage category split, another improvement which would be enjoyed by those who battled Pokémon competitively. 107 new Pokémon were added as well, bringing the total to 493.
 
With the precedent set by the earlier release of remakes for the original pair of games, this generation saw much speculation for a remake of the now-outdated Generation II games, and hidden data in the games seemed to indicate that remakes were planned. A third version, {{game|Platinum}}, was released two years after Diamond and Pearl. Due to this, as well as the delay in the release, many became discouraged that the remakes would never come. However, after five years of speculation, {{game|HeartGold and SoulSilver|s}} were finally released in 2009 in Japan and in 2010 elsewhere.
 
[[File:Spr 5b 006.png|frame|{{p|Charizard}}'s Black, White, Black 2 and White 2 sprite]]
The [[Generation V|fifth generation]] of the franchise constituted a "reboot" similar to that of theGeneration thirdIII. The highly anticipated {{game|Black and White|s}} were set far away from the previous games in a region based on {{wp|New York City}} called [[Unova]]. Initially in the game, only the 156 new Pokémon introduced in this generation were available before beating the [[Pokémon League]], forcing veteran players to rethink old strategies. The games did have the capacity to connect to older games, however, and maintained the international connectivity introduced in the fourth generation. The anime series, [[Pokémon Trading Card Game|trading card game]], and manga series also embraced the new generation with releases of tie-in media. Breaking the traditional format, Pokémon Black and White were followed by two direct sequels, [[Pokémon Black and White Versions 2]], which included many Pokémon from different regions.
 
Another reboot occurred with the [[Generation VI|sixth generation]] gamesstarted with [[Pokémon X and Y]], inwhich 2013,were markingreleased worldwide on the firstsame timeday ain pairOctober of2013, Pokémona gamesfirst wasfor releasedthe simultaneously worldwidefranchise. The games introduced many new features, such as a fully 3D worldgameplay including 3D models for every Pokémon, [[Mega Evolution]], athe [[Fairyintroduction (type)|newof Pokémonthe type]], improved{{t|Fairy}} [[Player Search System|online featurestype]], [[Trainer customization]], [[Pokémon-Amie]], and new battle styles.formats {{wp|France}},(such theas basis[[Sky ofBattle]]s and the[[Inverse in-gameBattle]]s). The games' [[Kalos]] region, was chosen to be based on {{wp|France}} partly because French culture is known for its art and beauty - thebeauty—the main theme of the game. The new [[Super Training, another new]] feature introduced, offered a simple way to monitor a Pokémon's [[{{EV]]}}s. New ways to improve the player's chance of finding [[Shiny Pokémon]] were also introduced, such as the introduction of chain fishing and [[Horde Encounter]]s, as well as the return of Generation IV'sthe [[Poké Radar]]. With the addition of 72 new Pokémon, the total asnumber of Pokémon in Generation VI is 721.
 
Although thethere releasewere ofno remakes skippedin aGeneration generationV, (Generation VVI wassaw the firstrelease generationof since{{g|Omega GenerationRuby IIand notAlpha toSapphire}} includeworldwide in November 2014, remakes of previousGeneration games),III's GenerationPokémon VIRuby sawand theSapphire. releaseSimilarly ofto Pokémon X and Y, Pokémon {{g|Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire}} were released around the same time worldwide, although the games were released in 2014Europe a week after the rest of the world. In addition to being remakes of the Generation III games, the games included new Mega Evolutions and the concept ofintroduced [[Primal Reversion]].
 
The[[Generation VII]] began with the release of [[Pokémon franchiseSun continuesand toMoon]] runin strongNovember 2016; like Pokémon Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire, these games were released on the same day worldwide except in Europe, where the games' release was delayed a few days. This generation introduced 81 new Pokémon, taking the total up to 802. The games were released on the year of the [[GenerationPokémon VII20th Anniversary|new20th generationanniversary of the franchise]] ofand are notable for being the first in the core series to lack Gyms, Badges, and HMs. [[Pokémon Ultra Sun and Ultra Moon|games]], hasenhanced releasedversions asof Pokémon Sun and Moon, were released worldwide in November 2017. These are the first games to introduce new Pokémon Moonduring asa generation, excluding [[Mythical Pokémon]] that were already present in the older games' data, bringing the total to 807. [[Pokémon: Let's Go, Pikachu! and Let's Go, Eevee!]], [[remakes]] of {{game|Yellow}}, were released worldwide in November 20162018. These are the first core titles for the [[Nintendo Switch]], and the first time a core title has switched to a new system mid-generation.
 
[[Generation VIII]] will start with the release of [[Pokémon Sword and Shield]] for the Nintendo Switch worldwide in November 2019.
 
==Creatures==
{{main|Pokémon (species)}}
The creatures themselves, which are based on various plants, animals, objects, and other concepts, inhabit virtually every corner of the {{pkmn|world}}, no matter which canon's interpretation is seen. Many make their homes in forests and on rural [[route]]s stretching across the various regions, while still others are native to cities and other urban centers. Currently, there are {{numpkmn}} known Pokémon.
 
Typically, Pokémon that are owned by a person are kept in [[Poké Ball]]s, which allow for them to be quickly sent into battle or to perform a task, butwhile keepkeeping them safe and makemaking them easier to transport, with the balls being typically being able to fit into a pocket. HeartGold and SoulSilver have the lead Pokémon out of their Poké Balls. Many Pokémon owned by Trainers, however, choose to remain outside of their Poké Ball, and travel with their Trainer [[walking Pokémon|on foot]].
 
Pokémon begin their lives by hatching from {{pkmn|Egg}}s (with the exception of most [[Mythical]] and [[Legendary Pokémon]]), and many of them will [[Evolution|evolve]] to grow stronger and larger during the course of their lives. TheMost egg comes into existence only after it has been pooped out of a fully evolved Pokemon's anus. aPokémonPokémon are not immortal, as can be seen from the Pokémon gravesitesgravestones found in [[Lavendervarious Town]],{{cat|burial [[Mt. Pyre]], the [[Lost Tower]], the [[Celestial Tower]], and [[Kalos Route 10]]grounds}}. Though their abilities far surpass those of normal animals, the majority of Pokémon are not immortal (as those who do not follow the series as closely may deduce).
 
Many Pokémon are much more powerful than others, and some, due to this, have [[legendary Pokémon|passed into legends]] that are told in the Pokémon world. It has not been consistently illustrated whether or not these Pokémon really do have the power that their legends state, though the general consensus is that, in the wild, a Pokémon's abilities are truly those of the legends, while a Trainer who captures one in a Poké Ball will limit its strength.
 
Many Pokémon may also be influenced by {{wp|yōkai}}, which are special creatures in Japanese folklore with strange abilities, sometimes even created from inanimate objects.
 
==In other languages==
| From ポケットモンスター ''Pocket Monsters''.
|- style="background:#FFF"
| English{{tt|*|and all other languages using the Latin alphabet unless stated otherwise below}}
| Pokémon
| Same as Japanese name. The letter {{wp|é}} is used to represent the {{wp|Close-mid front unrounded vowel|-ay}} sound.
|- style="background:#FFF"
| Chinese ({{tt|Mandarin|Taiwan and mainland China}})
| 寶可夢 / 宝可梦 ''Pokémon''{{tt|*|Taiwan (2016 - present) and mainland China (20102011 - currentpresent)}}<br>神奇寶貝 / 神奇宝贝 ''Shénqí Bǎobèi''{{tt|*|Taiwan (1998 - 2016present) and Mainland China (20002001 - 20102011)}}<br>小精灵 ''Xiǎojīnglíng''{{tt|*|Mainland China (1998 - 20002002)}}
| Transliteration of Japanese name.<br>From 神奇的口袋中的寶貝 / 神奇的口袋中的宝贝 ''Shénqí de kǒudài zhōng de bǎobèi''. 神奇宝贝 / 神奇寶貝 means ''magical creatures''.<br>Same as former Cantonese name.
|- style="background:#FFF"
| Chinese ({{tt|Cantonese|Hong Kong}})
| 寶可夢 ''Pokémon''{{tt|*|Games2017 - present}}<br>小精靈 ''Síujīnglìhng''{{tt|*|1998 - present}}<br>寵物小精靈 ''Chúngmaht Síujīnglìhng''{{tt|*|1998 - present}}<br>精靈 ''Jīnglìhng''{{tt|*|1998 - 1999}}
| Same as Mandarin name.<br>From 寵物小精靈 ''Chúngmaht Síujīnglìhng''. 小精靈 means ''little creature''.<br>Same as the series' name.<br>From 寵物小精靈 ''Chúngmaht Síujīnglìhng''. 精靈 means ''creature''.
|- style="background:#FFF"
| Korean
| 포켓몬 ''Pokémon''
| From 포켓몬스터 ''Pocket Monsters''.
|- style="background:#FFF"
| Arabic
| بوكيمون ''Bukimun''
| Transliteration of English name.
|- style="background:#FFF"
| Belarusian,Cyrillic Bulgarian<br>Russian, Ukrainianscript
| Покемон ''PokémonPokemon''
| Transliteration of English name.
|- style="background:#FFF"
| Greek
| Πόκεμον ''Pókemon''
| Transliteration of English name.
|- style="background:#FFF"
| Hebrew
| פוקימון ''PokémonPokimon''
| Transliteration of English name.
|- style="background:#FFF"
| Hindi
| पोकेमोन ''Pokémon''
| Transliteration of English name.
|- style="background:#FFF"
| Tamil
| போகிமொன் ''Pokémon''
| Transliteration of English name.
|- style="background:#FFF"
| Telugu
| పోకీమాన్ ''Pokémon''
| Transliteration of English name.
|- style="background:#FFF"
| Urdu
| پوکيمون ''Pokémon''
| Transliteration of English name.
|- style="background:#FFF"
| Thai
| โปเกมอน ''Pokémon''
| Transliteration of English name.
|- style="background:#FFF"
| Vietnamese
| Pokémon<br>Bửu Bối Thần Kỳ{{tt|*|Phương Nam Film}}
| Same as English name.<br>From former Chinese name.
|-
! colspan="3" |
|- style="background:#FFF"
| Chinese ({{tt|Mandarin|Taiwan and mainland China}})
| 精靈寶可夢 / 精灵宝可梦 ''Jīnglíng Pokémon''{{tt|*|Taiwan (2016 - present2019) and Mainland China (20102011 - current2019)}}<br>神奇的口袋中的寶貝 / 神奇的口袋中的宝贝 ''Shénqí de kǒudài zhōng de bǎobèi''{{tt|*|Taiwan (1998 - 2016present) and mainland China (20002001 - 20102011)}}<br>宠物小精灵 ''Chǒngwù Xiǎojīnglíng''{{tt|*|Mainland China (1998 - 20002002)}}
| From 精靈 / 精灵 ''jīnglíng'' (creature) and 寶可夢 / 宝可梦 ''Pokémon'' (transliteration of Japanese name).<br>Means ''the magical creatures in the pocket''.<br>Same as former Cantonese name.
|- style="background:#FFF"
| Chinese ({{tt|Cantonese|Hong Kong}})
| 精靈寶可夢 ''Jīnglìhng Pokémon''{{tt|*|Games2017 - 2019}}<br>寵物小精靈 ''Chúngmaht Síujīnglìhng''{{tt|*|1998 - present}}
| Same as Mandarin name.<br>Means ''pet creature''.
|- style="background:#FFF"
* [[History of Pokémon]]
* [[List of Pokémon]]
 
==References==
{{reflist}}
 
==External links==
===;Official websites===
* [https://www.pokemon.com Pokémon.com] <small>(English)</small>
* [http://www.pokemon.co.jp Pokémon.co.jp] <small>(Japanese)</small>
* [http://www.pokemon-gl.com/ Pokémon Global Link]
 
===;Official social-media website accounts===
*''[https://www.facebook.com/Pokemon Pokémon]'' on {{wp|Facebook}} <small>(English)</small>
*''[https://pokemon.tumblr.com/ Pokémon]'' on {{wp|Tumblr}} <small>(English)</small>
*''[https://www.instagram.com/pokemon/?hl=en Pokémon]'' on {{wp|Instagram}} <small>(English)</small>
*''[https://www.youtube.com/user/Pokemon Pokémon]'' on {{wp|YouTube}} <small>(English)</small>
*''[https://www.twitch.tv/pokemon Pokémon]'' on {{wp|Twitch}} <small>(English)</small>
*''[https://www.facebook.com/PokemonCoJp Pokémon]'' on {{wp|Facebook}} <small>(Japanese)</small>
*''[https://www.twitter.com/Pokemon_cojp Pokémon]'' on {{wp|Twitter}} <small>(Japanese)</small>
 
[[de:Pokémon]]
[[es:Pokémon]]
[[fr:Pokémon (licence)]]
[[it:Pokémon]]
[[ja:ポケットモンスター]]
[[plzh:Pokémon精灵宝可梦]]
[[zh:精靈寶可夢]]
 
==References==
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