A regional form (Japanese: リージョンフォーム region form), also known as a regional variant, is an alternate form of a Pokémon species that is found in a specific region. These forms differ from those found in the region where the Pokémon was introduced — even, in most cases so far, to the point of having a different type.
The following regional forms are currently known:
54 Pokémon currently have regional forms, and 57 regional forms currently exist in total (55 and 58, respectively, if White-Striped Basculin is counted as a regional form). Apart from Meowth and Tauros, which have two and three respectively, each Pokémon with a regional form has only one.
- Main article: Terminology of regional forms
In Generation VII, they were introduced as regional variants, which is also mentioned in some Pokémon GO Community Day events from 2023. From Generation VIII onwards, they have been consistently known as regional forms in the core series games.
The place name adjective (such as "Alolan") is used before the Pokémon species. In running text, both the original form and the new regional forms are sometimes treated this way, such as "Kantonian Meowth" and "Alolan Meowth". Conversely, sometimes the Pokémon species are simply mentioned in running text without using the regional adjective. For instance, if the player encounters a wild Galarian Meowth, the battle dialogue would simply indicate "You encountered a wild Meowth!"
In Generation VII games, the Pokédex displays "Alola Form" as the title of this form. From Generation VIII onwards (including in Pokémon HOME), the adjectives for the place names are consistently used instead. For instance, "Alolan Form", "Galarian Form", "Hisuian Form", and "Paldean Form". The original form (such as Kantonian Meowth) is not named in the Pokédex.
In running text (as seen on Pokémon.com), the word "form" has been consistently written in lowercase. In the Generation VII era, this used to be "Alola form". From Generation VIII onwards, this includes "Kantonian form", "Alolan form", "Galarian form", etc.
List of regional forms
In the core series games
Pokémon with regional forms have uniquely adapted to habitats that are different than those where its species naturally live in other parts of the world. As such, many things may be different about them, from their appearance and way of living to even their type, moves, Abilities, base stats, height, and weight. This is analogous to a form of real-world evolution known as peripatric speciation, where a population that is isolated from the rest of the species develops unique traits and may eventually evolve into a new species.
When breeding Pokémon whose offspring have a regional form, the offspring will normally take on the form corresponding to the region in which it was bred, regardless of its parents' forms. However, if one of the parents of the same evolutionary family held an Everstone when the Egg was produced, the offspring will be the same form as that parent. This does not apply to White-Striped Basculin and Basculegion, which will always produce White-Striped Basculin regardless of region or held Everstones. If the parents are the same species but different forms and in different balls, then the offspring has a 50 percent chance of inheriting either parent's ball regardless of what form the offspring takes.
If a Kantonian Tauros is bred in Paldea and isn't holding an Everstone, then the resulting offspring will always be Combat Breed Paldean Tauros and never the Blaze Breed or Aqua Breed Paldean Tauros.
If a Pokémon without a regional form evolves into a Pokémon with a regional form, it will evolve into the form native to the region it is currently in.
From Generation VIII onward, regional forms may have an evolution that their regular form does not have, or evolve into a different species than the regular form, becoming something similar to a branched evolution.
In the spin-off games
Super Smash Bros. Ultimate
- Main article: Alolan form → Pokémon Shuffle
- For a list of the regional forms, see Alolan form → Pokémon GO, Galarian form → Pokémon GO, and Hisuian form → Pokémon GO
Alolan Pokémon first appeared in Pokémon GO on May 30, 2018, with the appearance of Alolan Exeggutor. Initially, Alolan Pokémon were exclusive to 7 km Eggs and Raid Battles, but have occasionally reappeared in the wild since their debuts.
- Main article: Alolan form → Pokémon Duel
Certain Alolan forms were included in Pokémon Duel.
Pokémon Masters EX
- Main articles: Alolan form → Pokémon Masters EX, Galarian form → Pokémon Masters EX and Hisuian form → Pokémon Masters EX
New Pokémon Snap
In the anime
- Main article: Alolan form → Pokémon the Series: Sun & Moon
- Main article: Alolan form → Pokémon Journeys: The Series
- Main article: Galarian form → Pokémon Journeys: The Series
- Main article: Hisuian form → Pokémon Journeys: The Series
In Pokémon Journeys: The Series, some Alolan form, Galarian form, and Hisuian form Pokémon appeared.
- Main article: Alolan form → Pokémon Horizons: The Series
- Main article: Galarian form → Pokémon Horizons: The Series
- Main article: Paldean form → Pokémon Horizons: The Series
Some Alolan, Galarian, and Paldean form Pokémon have appeared in Pokémon Horizons: The Series.
Pokémon: Twilight Wings
- Main article: Galarian form → Pokémon: Twilight Wings
Some Galarian form Pokémon appear in Pokémon: Twilight Wings.
In the manga
- Main article: Alolan form → Pokémon Adventures
- Main article: Galarian form → Pokémon Adventures
- Main article: Paldean form → Pokémon Adventures
In the TCG
- Main articles: Alolan form → In the TCG, Galarian form → In the TCG, Hisuian form → In the TCG, and Paldean form → In the TCG
Regional forms are featured in the Pokémon Trading Card Game as Alolan, Galarian, Hisuian, and Paldean Pokémon. Evolutions exclusive to regional forms are referred to with the same descriptors used for their pre-evolutions (for example, "Galarian" is used as a descriptor for both Galarian form Pokémon and their evolutions).
Notably, Alolan form cards brought the return of Attacks that cost zero Energy to use, a mechanic that was previously only seen during the TCG's Generation IV sets and had remained exclusive to cards featuring either Alolan forms or Hisuian forms until the Scarlet & Violet Series, where they are also seen on baby Pokémon cards.
- Main article: Variant Pokémon
Prior to Generation VII, there were already certain Pokémon that had variations depending on their native geographical area, but, unlike regional forms, these Pokémon do not appear to have any functional difference from their original forms; rather, their differences are purely aesthetic, with their type, moves, Abilities, height, and weight remaining the same.
- The Generation I Pokédex entries for Arbok state that there are six variations of its face-like hood markings that differ between areas. Eight designs are known, but only three have appeared in the core series games (with a fourth in Pokémon Ranger). In Pokémon Adventures, Arbok gains a special ability depending on its pattern.
- In Sinnoh, Shellos and Gastrodon have different appearances on each side of Mt. Coronet. East Sea Shellos and Gastrodon only appear east of Mt. Coronet, whereas West Sea Shellos and Gastrodon only appear on the west side.
- Mantyke's Pokédex entry in Pokémon Pearl says that the pattern on its back varies from region to region. While it has the same appearance in all Generation IV games (due to using the same sprites), the "face" from Generation V onward appears wider.
- Vivillon, which was introduced in Generation VI, has a different appearance depending on where the game it was created in is from in the real world.
- In the anime episode Poké Ball Peril, a number of alternately colored Pokémon were seen on Valencia Island, including Butterfree, Raticate, Nidoran♂, Nidoran♀, Vileplume, Paras, and Weepinbell. Professor Ivy, the Pokémon Professor of the Orange Archipelago, studies these variations.
- The episode Fly Me to the Moon featured Pidgey native to Pudgy Pidgey Isle that were too heavy to fly due to an abundance of food and a lack of predators.
- In the Pikachu short Snorlax Snowman, several ice-blue Snorlax adapted to more frigid climates appeared.
- In the Pokémon Adventures chapter Off Course with Corsola, Bill mentioned that Kanto and Johto share many of the same Pokémon, but their colors and patterns are different between regions.
δ Delta Species
- Main article: δ Delta Species (TCG)
The Pokémon Trading Card Game introduced Delta Species Pokémon in Generation III. Like regional forms, these Pokémon would undergo a type change, but their appearance would stay generally the same. The backstory of EX Delta Species states that these changes were not due to natural adaptation but rather a mutation brought on by exposure to electromagnetic waves.
This seems to be an exclusive phenomenon on the island of Holon, the aforementioned waves a product of experiments by scientists in the area searching for the Mythical Pokémon Mew. Delta Species Pokémon appeared in the TCG from EX Delta Species to EX Dragon Frontiers.
- Main article: Ursaluna (Pokémon)
Bloodmoon Ursaluna, a specific Ursaluna with an unique form is found in the Timeless Woods at the land of Kitakami, has a similar concept to the regional forms, being a Pokémon that moved away from their original region and adapted to the new different environment, but instead of changing types, it kept its original ones and gained special powers such as Blood Moon and Mind's Eye.
- The only type not possessed by any regional form is Bug.
- Additionally, there are no Flying-type regional forms that were not already that type in their original form.
- Dark is the most common type among regional forms, with 11, while Water, Dragon, and Fairy are tied for the least common type, with only 3 regional forms each.
- Out of the generations that introduced Pokémon that would later have regional forms, Generation I introduced the most, at 33, while Generation VII introduced the fewest, at one.
- Out of the generations that introduced regional forms, Generation VIII introduced the most, with 36, while Generation IX introduced the fewest, with four (or only two if all three Paldean Tauros breeds are counted as a single regional form).
- Pokémon Brilliant Diamond and Shining Pearl are the only core series games following the introduction of regional forms to not feature them.
- Pokémon Legends: Arceus is the only core series game in which some regional form Pokémon are available but their respective original forms are unobtainable, with Vulpix, Ninetales, and Sneasel being the only exceptions to this.
- According to the Pokédex, researchers initially believed Wiglett and Wugtrio to be regional forms of Diglett and Dugtrio, respectively, before concluding they were separate species entirely.
In other languages
|This game-related article is part of Project Games, a Bulbapedia project that aims to write comprehensive articles on the Pokémon games.|