Pokémon world in relation to the real world
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|This article contains fan speculation.|
There is no solid evidence for or against some parts of this article.
The designs of eight of the major Pokémon regions—Kanto, Johto, Hoenn, Sinnoh, Unova, Kalos, Alola, and Galar—are strikingly similar in geography and demographics to regions in the real world, and they are sometimes even officially stated to be based on certain locations. The first four regions are based on smaller regions in Japan, Unova and Alola are based on parts of the United States, Kalos is based on France, and Galar is based on the United Kingdom. It is said the inspiration for Orre is Phoenix, Arizona.
|Pokémon world||Specific location||Prefecture||Notes|
|Pallet Town||下田市||Shimoda City||静岡県||Shizuoka||Pallet Town is based on Satoshi Tajiri's hometown Machida City during his boyhood.|
|Viridian City||箱根町||Hakone Town||神奈川県||Kanagawa|
|Viridian Forest||奥秩父山塊||Okuchichibu Mountains||埼玉県、山梨県、長野県||Yamanashi, Saitama, and Nagano|
|Pewter City||前橋市||Maebashi City||群馬県||Gunma||The famous Iwajuku archaeological site and the Iwajuku Museum are located in the city of Midori.|
|Mt. Moon||赤城山||Mount Akagi||群馬県||Gunma||Mt. Akagi features a crater lake near the summit|
|Cerulean City||土浦市||Tsuchiura City||茨城県||Ibaraki||Tsuchiura is famous for its floating lotus blooms.|
|Cerulean Cave||足尾銅山, 日光市||Ashio Copper Mine, Nikkō||栃木県||Tochigi|
|Vermilion City||横浜市||Yokohama City||神奈川県||Kanagawa||Yokohama is the largest seaport in Japan.|
|Kanto Power Plant||東海発電所||Tōkai Nuclear Power Plant||茨城県||Ibaraki||The first commercial nuclear power plant in Japan.|
|Lavender Town||成田市 or 佐倉市||Narita City or Sakura City||千葉県||Chiba|
|Celadon City||新宿||Shinjuku||東京都||Tokyo||Shinjuku is the commercial center of Tokyo.|
|Celadon Gym||新宿御苑||Shinjuku Gyo-en||東京都||Tokyo||The largest garden park in Shinjuku, famous for its flowers.|
|Saffron City||丸の内||Marunouchi||東京都||Tokyo||Marunouchi is the business center of Tokyo, as well as all of Japan.|
|Magnet Train station||東京駅||Tokyo Station||東京都||Tokyo||Tokyo Station is a train station located in Marunouchi. The Tōkaidō Shinkansen bullet train line runs from Tokyo to Osaka through here.|
|Fuchsia City||館山市||Tateyama City||千葉県||Chiba|
|Kanto Safari Zone||富士箱根伊豆国立公園||Minami Bōsō Quasi-National Park||千葉県||Chiba|
|Cycling Road||東京湾アクアライン||Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line||神奈川県、千葉県||Kanagawa and Chiba||It connects Kawasaki City and Kisarazu City over Tokyo Bay. It was under construction when Pokémon Red and Green were released.|
|Seafoam Islands||鵜渡根島||Udone-shima||東京都||Tokyo||A small, deserted volcanic isle surrounded by rough sea and many rocks. It is currently uninhabited, but it holds a single shrine built in the past.|
|Cinnabar Island||伊豆大島||Izu-Ōshima||東京都||Tokyo||Oshima is famous for Mount Mihara, an active volcano.|
|Victory Road||愛鷹山||Mount Ashitaka||東京都||Shizuoka Prefecture||A mountainous area that is near Mt. Fuji and Hakone Village.|
|Indigo Plateau||越前岳||Mount Echizen-dake||裾野市||Susono, Shizuoka||The highest point of the Ashitaka mountain area, with views of both Mt. Fuji and the city.|
|Tohjo Falls||白糸の滝 and 音止めの滝||Shiraito Falls and Otodome Falls||静岡県||Shizuoka||Two waterfalls separated by a mere 600 feet, located southwest of Mount Fuji.|
|Pokémon world||Specific location||Subprefecture||Notes|
|One Island||新島、神津島、式根島、利島||Niijima, Kōzushima, Shikinejima and Toshima||大島支庁||Oshima|
|Mt. Ember||利島宮塚山||Mt. Miyatsuka, Toshima Island|
|Two Island||三宅島、御蔵島||Miyakejima and Mikurajima||三宅支庁||Miyake|
|Three Island||八丈島、八丈小島||Hachijōjima and Hachijōkojima||八丈支庁||Hachijō|
|Three Isle Port||底土港||Sokodo Port|
|Five Island||聟島列島||Mukojima Islands||小笠原支庁||Ogasawara||All are uninhabited.|
|Six Island||父島列島||Chichijima Islands||小笠原支庁||Ogasawara||The small islands to the north of Chichijima include Anijima (兄島) and Otōtojima (弟島), among others.|
|Seven Island||母島列島||Hahajima Islands||小笠原支庁||Ogasawara||The small islands to the south of Hahajima include Anejima (姉島) and Imōtojima (妹島), among others.|
|Navel Rock||鳥島||Torishima||八丈支庁||Hachijō||Known as the habitat of albatross.|
|Birth Island||南鳥島||Minami Torishima||小笠原支庁||Ogasawara||The easternmost island belonging to Japan.|
In Japan, the Kantō region is often contrasted with the Kansai region, which like Johto is to the west. However, Johto is geographically more similar to the Kansai region and the western Chūbu region combined, as well as a small part of eastern Shikoku.
|Pokémon world||Specific location||Prefecture||Notes|
|Mt. Silver||富士山||Mount Fuji||静岡県 and 山梨県||Shizuoka and Yamanashi||The encounter with Red at Mt. Silver may be a reference to Kuninotokotachi. Waiting atop Mt. Silver as the series’ highest-level Trainer opponent, Red was the player character with humble beginnings from the first Pokémon games; Kuninotokotachi is said to be the first Japanese deity, born of something resembling a reed following the creation of heaven and earth, who resides atop Mt. Fuji.|
|New Bark Town||静岡市 and 浜松市||Shizuoka City and Hamamatsu City||静岡県||Shizuoka||HGSS released with wind turbines added to New Bark Town at the same time construction was completed on a small wind-farm in Shizuoka City.|
|Cherrygrove City||豊橋市 and 名古屋市||Toyohashi City and Nagoya City||愛知県||Aichi||Toyohashi City is famous for floral parks and festivals, including azaleas and iris flowers that closely match the flowers added to Cherrygrove City in HGSS.|
|Dark Cave||赤石山脈||Akaishi Mountains||長野県, 山梨県 and 静岡県||Nagano, Yamanashi and Shizuoka||A difficult-to-navigate mountain range that contains 10 of the 100 Famous Japanese Mountains.|
|Violet City||奈良市||Nara City||奈良県||Nara||Home to many historic buildings and monuments, Nara is where Japan was founded as a state.|
|Sprout Tower||興福寺五重塔||Kōfuku-ji||奈良県||Nara||A five-story pagoda, Kōfuku-ji is the second-largest pagoda in Japan, located on northeast of Nara City.|
|Ruins of Alph||明日香村||Asuka Village||奈良県||Nara||There are many archaeological sites in Nara such as Ishibutai Kofun (石舞台古墳) and Takamatsuzuka Tomb (高松塚古墳).|
|Azalea Town||みなべ町||Minabe Village||和歌山県||Wakayama||Minabe is famous for its high-quality Japanese apricots, known as ubame, and high-quality charcoal, known as Binchōtan.|
|Ilex Forest||熊野古道||Kumano Kodō||和歌山県||Wakayama||The Kumano Kodō is a series of ancient pilgrimage routes spread across the old-growth forest that connects various sacred shrines that have been sites for centuries of ascetic worship of natural phenomenon and natural wonders.|
|Goldenrod City||大阪市||Ōsaka City||大阪府||Ōsaka||Ōsaka is the largest and most populous city in the Kansai region, serving as a major hub and financial center in the country.|
|National Park||明治の森箕面国定公園 or 万博記念公園||Meiji no Mori Minoo Quasi-National Park or Expo Memorial Park||大阪府||Ōsaka||In the Expo Park is a famous monument called the Tower of the Sun.|
|Goldenrod Radio Tower||通天閣||Tsūtenkaku||大阪府||Ōsaka||Tsūtenkaku is one of the most popular landmarks in Osaka.|
|Ecruteak City||京都市||Kyōto City||京都府||Kyōto||Having served as the seat of the imperial court for eleven centuries, Kyōto is considered to be the cultural capital of Japan. The towers that inspired the Burned Tower and the Bell Tower are both located in Kyōto.|
|Bell Tower||金閣 and 平等院鳳凰堂||Kinkaku-ji and Byōdō-in Phoenix Hall||京都府||Kyōto||Kinkaku-ji was set on fire by a monk in 1950 (金閣寺放火事件). The wall is covered with gold leaf. Atop the Kinkaku temple sits a golden statue of a rooster or phoenix (Ho-Oh). Byōdō-in Phoenix Hall is famous for its maple and phoenix statues.|
|Burned Tower||銀閣||Ginkaku-ji||京都府||Kyōto||Despite its name, Ginkaku-ji is not covered with silver leaf, but atop the temple rests the likeness of a bird (Lugia).|
|Olivine City||神戸市||Kōbe City||兵庫県||Hyōgo||Kōbe is the major port city in the Kansai region. The city is also well known for wagyū, or Kobe beef.|
|Glitter Lighthouse||和田岬||Cape Wada||兵庫県||Hyōgo|
|Whirl Islands||淡路島||Awajishima||兵庫県||Hyōgo||The Naruto Strait between Awajishima and Shikoku is famous for the Naruto whirlpools. Soul Silver describes Lugia splitting one island into the Whirl Islands to end a war; Awajishima was the epicenter of the Great Hanshin earthquake, with a portion of the island's damaged fault zone preserved to this day.|
|Cianwood City||鳴門市||Naruto City||徳島県||Tokushima||Naruto is where Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co. began.|
|Mt. Mortar||比叡山||Mount Hiei||滋賀県||Shiga||“Marathon Monks” would undergo exhaustive exercises on Mount Hiei. Kiyo trains in isolation deep within Mt. Mortar.|
|Mahogany Town||甲賀市||Kōka City||滋賀県||Shiga||Kōka is where the famous Kōga ninja were born and educated (Kōga-ryū, 甲賀流).|
|Lake of Rage||琵琶湖||Lake Biwa||滋賀県||Shiga||Lake Biwa is the largest lake in Japan.|
|Ice Path (Mahogany Entrance)||伊吹山||Mt. Ibuki||岐阜県 and 滋賀県||Gifu and Shiga||An easy-to-climb mountain that is famous for receiving the world's heaviest recorded snowfall.|
|Ice Path (Blackthorn Entrance)||鳴沢氷穴||Narusawa Ice Cave||山梨県||Yamanashi||A cave in Aokigahara Forest that remains frigid year-round, this site features elaborate ice formations and a subterranean frozen pond.|
|Blackthorn City||竜王町 (now 甲斐市)||Ryūō (now Kai)||山梨県||Yamanashi||Ryūō was a small town whose name meant “Dragon King”. HAL Laboratory had an office located here; the Move Deleter may have been a reference to then-president Satoru Iwata's graphical compression of Gold and Silver.|
|Dragon's Den||金櫻神社||Kanazakura-jinja Shrine||山梨県||Yamanashi||Together with the lava-filled Blackthorn Gym located directly above, the water-bound Dragon's Den reflects this shrine which features the Rising and Falling Dragons, each safeguarding either a Fire Crystal or a Water Crystal.|
Hoenn is based on the southernmost parts of Japan—Kyūshū and surrounding islands, with its main island flipped counterclockwise ninety degrees with the smaller islands circulating around its southern side.
Sinnoh has been said to be an island like Hoenn, rather than a peninsula. It is based on the northernmost major island of Japan, Hokkaido, as well as the southern part of the Russian island of Sakhalin. Part of Kunashir Island (Japanese: 国後島 Kunashiri Island, Russian: Кунашир Kunashir), which is in dispute between Russia and Japan, is also included.
|Pokémon world||Specific location||Subprefecture / Raion||Notes|
|Twinleaf Town||登別市||Noboribetsu City||胆振総合振興局||Iburi|
|Lake Verity||洞爺湖||Lake Tōya||胆振総合振興局||Iburi|
|Sandgem Town||苫小牧市||Tomakomai City||胆振総合振興局||Iburi|
|Jubilife City||札幌市||Sapporo City||石狩振興局||Ishikari||Sapporo is the largest city in Hokkaido.|
|Oreburgh City||夕張市||Yūbari City||空知総合振興局||Sorachi|
|Oreburgh Mine||夕張炭鉱||Yūbari Mine||空知総合振興局||Sorachi|
|Floaroma Town||美瑛町 and 富良野市||Biei Town and Furano City||上川総合振興局||Kamikawa||Biei and Furano are famous for their flower gardens.|
|Valley Windworks||苫前町||Tomamae Town||留萌振興局||Rumoi||Tomamae is famous for its windmills in the countryside.|
|Eterna City||旭川市||Asahikawa City||上川総合振興局||Kamikawa|
|Eterna Forest||神居山 (旭川市)||Kamui Mountain||上川総合振興局||Kamikawa|
|Mt. Coronet||蝦夷山系 and / or 大雪山||Ezo Mountain Chain and / or Daisetsuzan Volcanic Group||The Ezo Mountain Chain consists of the Teshio Mountains (天塩山地), the Kitami Mountains (北見山地), the Ishikari Mountains (石狩山地), the Yubari Mountains (夕張山地), and the Hidaka Mountains (日高山脈).|
|Hearthome City||帯広市||Obihiro City||十勝総合振興局||Tokachi|
|Solaceon Town||足寄町||Ashoro Town||十勝総合振興局||Tokachi||One of Ashoro's main industries is farming.|
|Veilstone City||網走市||Abashiri City||オホーツク総合振興局||Okhotsk||It is a major port city.|
|Celestic Town||北見市||Kitami City||オホーツク総合振興局||Okhotsk|
|Sendoff Spring||摩周湖||Lake Mashū||釧路総合振興局||Kushiro||Lake Mashu, a crater lake, is known as a mysterious spot for the fog that covers its surface.|
|Lake Valor||阿寒湖||Lake Akan||釧路総合振興局||Kushiro||Lake Akan's southern shore is home to several hotels.|
|Pastoria City||釧路市||Kushiro City||釧路総合振興局||Kushiro||Kushiro is the largest city in Eastern Hokkaido (道東).|
|Great Marsh||釧路湿原||Kushiro Marsh||釧路総合振興局||Kushiro||The Kushiro Marsh is the largest marsh in Japan.|
|Canalave City||小樽市||Otaru City||後志総合振興局||Shiribeshi||Otaru is a port city and has a canal|
|Snowpoint City||稚内市||Wakkanai City||宗谷総合振興局||Sōya||It is the northernmost city in Japan, famous for its maritime trade with Russia.|
|Snowpoint Temple||北門神社||Hokumon Jinja||宗谷総合振興局||Sōya||A Shinto shrine located in the northern portion of the city.|
|Lake Acuity||クッチャロ湖||Lake Kutcharo||宗谷総合振興局||Sōya|
|Sunyshore City||根室市||Nemuro City||根室振興局||Nemuro|
|Vista Lighthouse||納沙布岬||Cape Nosappu||根室振興局||Nemuro||Cape Nosappu is Japan's easternmost spot open to the public.|
|Iron Island||焼尻島||Yagishiri Island||留萌振興局||Rumoi|
|Kunashir Island has been disputed between Japan and Russia since the end of WWII due to ambiguities in the Treaty of San Francisco. Though both countries claim it, the island is controlled by Russia.|
|Fullmoon Island||礼文島||Rebun Island||宗谷総合振興局||Sōya|
|Newmoon Island||利尻島||Rishiri Island||宗谷総合振興局||Sōya|
|Flower Paradise||阿頼度島||Atlasov/Araido island||千島列島||Kuril Islands||Both are the northernmost islands of their respective zones: the Flower Paradise is the northernmost zone in Sinnoh, much like Araido, the northernmost island of the Kuril Islands.|
The Battle Zone is based on Sakhalin (Japanese: 樺太 Karafuto, Russian: Сахалин Sakhalin), a Russian island that used to be claimed by Japan (some parts of Sakhalin are still in dispute, but none of them are the basis for the Battle Zone).
|Pokémon world||Specific location||Raion||Notes|
|Stark Mountain||鈴谷岳||Pik Chekhova||ユジノサハリンスク||Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk|
Unova has been said to be significantly distant from Kanto, Johto, Hoenn, and Sinnoh. Instead of being based on an area of Japan, Unova is based on New York City, which is located between two states of New York and New Jersey. Both states are part of the United States.
|Pokémon world||Specific location||State (New York City borough/county)||Notes|
|Nuvema Town||Howard Beach||New York City (Queens)||A Coney Island neighborhood, highly sought after by lower-middle-class families and with several individual houses (similar to the houses in Nuvema, which are only two stories tall).|
|Accumula Town||Marine Park||New York City (Brooklyn)|
|Striaton City||Canarsie||New York City (Brooklyn)||Striaton makes a multitude of references to the glaciers that formed Long Island, including its location compared to the central land.|
|New York City (Brooklyn)
New York City (Manhattan)
|DUMBO, an acronym for Down Under the Manhattan Bridge Overpass, is a neighborhood in Brooklyn.|
|Pinwheel Forest||Cadman Plaza park||New York City (Brooklyn)||A park near the Brooklyn Bridge.|
|Skyarrow Bridge||Brooklyn Bridge||New York City (Brooklyn and Manhattan)||Also based on Rainbow Bridge in Tokyo, Japan|
|Castelia City||Lower Manhattan||New York City (Manhattan)||Lower Manhattan is the business center of New York City, as well as the United States.|
|Unova Route 4||World Trade Center site?||New York City (Manhattan)||In all versions of the route, it is shown that the road is being built; in some versions, the route is shown in a desolate and reconstructed form.|
|Join Avenue||Manhattan Mall||New York City (Manhattan)|
|Nimbasa City||Midtown Manhattan||New York City (Manhattan)|
|Big Stadium and Small Court||West Side Stadium and Madison Square Garden||New York City (Manhattan)||West Side Stadium was a proposed Olympic stadium that was cancelled in 2005. Considering American football, soccer, and baseball games are held at Big Stadium, it may also draw inspiration from Polo Grounds.|
|Gear Station||A hybrid of Grand Central Terminal and Penn Station||New York City (Manhattan)||Grand Central Station and Penn Station serve as the primary hubs for train lines in the New York City area and bear architectural similarities to Gear Station.|
|Musical Theater||Broadway||New York City (Manhattan)||Like Broadway, Pokémon Musical is often visited in the city where dances and choreography are done with their own stories just like a real musical.|
|Driftveil Drawbridge||Lincoln Tunnel||New York City (Manhattan) and New Jersey (Weehawken)|
|Driftveil City||Union City||New Jersey (Hudson County)||Union City is known for its many mining companies. The Pokémon World Tournament stadium may reference the MetLife Stadium.|
|Mistralton City||Teterboro||New Jersey (Bergen County)||The Mistralton City Airport's real-life counterpart is the Teterboro Airport.|
|Icirrus City||Ridgefield||New Jersey (Bergen County)||A town founded by Dutch settlers, recognizable by its small classical European style buildings (similar to the rural atmosphere of Icirrus).|
|Moor of Icirrus||Bear Swamp||New Jersey (Cumberland County)||Considered one of the oldest forests in the United States, it is famous for its elevated roads and birds.|
|Opelucid City||Washington Heights||New York City (Manhattan)|
|Shopping Mall Nine||Palisades Center Mall||West Nyack, New York (New York)|
|Village Bridge||Robert F. Kennedy Bridge||New York City (Manhattan, Queens and The Bronx)|
|Lacunosa Town||Flushing||New York City (Queens)|
|Undella Town||A hybrid of Jamaica, Queens and The Hamptons||New York City (Queens)
New York City (Suffolk County)
|Geographically it fits in as Jamaica, but its description as a summer retreat is indicative of The Hamptons of Long Island.|
|Undella Bay||Jamaica Bay||New York City (Nassau County)|
|Marvelous Bridge||Queensboro Bridge||New York City (Manhattan and Queens)|
|Entralink||Central Park||New York City (Manhattan)||The Entralink also draws inspiration from the Tokyo Imperial Palace.|
|Liberty Garden||A hybrid of Liberty State Park and Liberty Island||New Jersey (Hudson County)
New York City (Manhattan exclave)
|Tubeline Bridge||George Washington Bridge||New York City (Manhattan) and New Jersey (Bergen County)|
|Unity Tower||Headquarters of the United Nations||New York City (international territory)|
|Aspertia City||Elizabeth||New Jersey (Union County)|
|Floccesy Town||Newark, New Jersey||New Jersey (Essex County)|
|Virbank City||Jersey City||New Jersey (Hudson County)||Virbank Complex bears some resemblance to the oil refineries and tanker area located along the New Jersey Turnpike.|
|Marine Tube||Ocean Parkway||New York (Nassau County and Suffolk County)|
|Humilau City||Long Island||New York (Nassau County and Suffolk County)||Humilau City generally resembles the nautical backdrop of many Long Island villages, specifically Jones Beach, New York or Fire Island, New York.|
|Lentimas Town||Williamsburg||New York City (Brooklyn)||Lentimas Town's buildings closely resemble those of Santa Fe, New Mexico's Pueblo Revival style buildings.|
|Black City||Long Island City||New York City (Queens)|
|Anville Town||Port Jervis||New York (Orange County)||Anville Town is known for its roundtable and is at the end of its rail line. Port Jervis, New York is similarly at the end of a northern line and has a roundtable.|
|Pokémon League||New York Botanical Garden||New York City (The Bronx)||The cupolas of the Pokémon League are reminiscent of the domes of the enclosure's three main greenhouses.|
|Pokémon world||Specific location||Administrative region||Notes|
|Aquacorde Town||Nevers||Bourgogne-Franche-Comté||The great bridge is probably based on a bridge on the river Loire in Nevers.|
|Santalune Forest||Forest of Fontainebleau||Île-de-France||It is the most touristic forest in France.|
|Santalune City||Fontainebleau||Île-de-France||The fountain on the central plaza might be based on the fontaine de Diane.|
|Lumiose City||Paris||Île-de-France||Prism Tower is based on the Eiffel Tower, and the Lumiose Museum is based on the Louvre.|
|Camphrier Town||Blois||Centre-Val de Loire||Shabboneau Castle is based on the Château de Blois.|
|Battle Chateau||Château de Chenonceau||Centre-Val de Loire|
|Rivière Walk||Loire Valley and its surroundings||Centre-Val de Loire and Pays de la Loire||Nicknamed the Garden of France, it is a region known for its vineyards and vegetable crops, as well as its châteaus and castles.|
|Parfum Palace||Palace of Versailles||Île-de-France||The king who ordered the construction of the palace and who is mentioned several times, is a reference to Louis XIV of France.|
|Ambrette Town||La Rochelle||Nouvelle-Aquitaine||An aquarium lies in La Rochelle.|
|Glittering Cave||Villars Cave||Nouvelle-Aquitaine||Villars is a cave famous for its stalagmites and stalactites. Junichi Masuda said in an interview that they relied on the Catacombs of Paris.|
|Cyllage City||Saint-Nazaire||Pays de la Loire|
|Menhir Trail and Geosenge Town||Carnac||Brittany||Notable for its standing stones.|
|Reflection Cave||La Roche-aux-Fées||Brittany||The concept is based on the legends of the Britons called Miroirs aux fées (fairies mirrors). Fairy mirrors are usually caves with bright quartz veins or lakes where they are said to live fairies and like to see themselves in them like a mirror.|
|Shalour City||Saint-Malo||Brittany||In the anime, the city has a walled aspect; Saint-Malo is known for its fortresses and for being walled.|
|Tower of Mastery||Mont Saint-Michel||Normandy|
|Azure Bay||The English Channel||—|
|Sea Spirit's Den||Alderney||Bailiwick of Guernsey||Alderney is one of the Channel Islands which are self-governing crown dependencies of the United Kingdom.|
|Coumarine City||Le Havre||Normandy||The city has a monorail and several trams, in addition, like the game, the coastal part is a large tourist area and the north is residential.|
|Kalos Power Plant||Crucey Solar Park||Centre-Val de Loire||Built near from Chartres, it is a large solar energy station close to Paris, being the largest in northern France.|
|Laverre City||Amiens||Hauts-de-France||The Laverre Nature Trail may refer to the hortillonnages.|
|Mélancolie Path||Canal de l'Ourcq||Île-de-France|
|Dendemille Town||Charleville-Mézières||Grand Est||Charleville's region is known for its windmills.|
|Frost Cavern||Mont Blanc||Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes||Both are the highest mountains in their respective areas, belonging to a mountain range shared between several countries in the region, characterized by their cold climates and caves.|
|Anistar City||Strasbourg||Grand Est||The sundial may be a reference to Strasbourg astronomical clock.|
|Couriway Town||Molsheim||Grand Est||It is an Alsatian village with half-timbered houses.|
|Snowbelle City||Besançon||Bourgogne-Franche-Comté||The nearby Jura Mountains are known for cold temperatures and sometimes nicknamed "Little Siberia".|
|Pokémon Village||Parc naturel régional du Haut-Jura||Bourgogne-Franche-Comté|
|Pokémon League||Notre-Dame de Paris, Paris||Île-de-France||The Notre-Dame is a famous cathedral known for its example of French Gothic architecture. The Pokémon League may be based on the eastern face of the Notre-Dame cathedral and includes elements from other Gothic cathedrals.|
|Kiloude City||Arles||Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur||Both cities are located in the south, the houses of Arles are all with orange roofs and it was a city preferred by artists like Van Gogh and Picasso to seek inspiration, which is reflected in the painter of Kiloude Park.|
|Pokémon world||Specific location||Island||Notes|
|Melemele Island||Oʻahu||Houses the state capital and the former monarchy of Hawaii. Its designated island color is yellow (melemele in Hawaiian) and its designated island flower is the ʻilima.|
|Hau'oli City||Honolulu||Oʻahu||The state capital of Hawaii.|
|Hau'oli City Beachfront||Waikīkī||Oʻahu||Waikiki and its beaches are a notable tourist destination in Hawaii.|
|Hau'oli City Shopping District||Ala Moana||Oʻahu||The mall is based on the Ala Moana Center, the largest shopping mall in Hawaiʻi.|
|Hau'oli City Marina||Pearl Harbor||Oʻahu|
|Hau'oli City Outskirts||Hawaiʻi Kai||Oʻahu||One of the largest residential areas in O'ahu.|
|Mahalo Trail||ʻAiea Loop Trail||Oʻahu|
|Big Wave Beach||Banzai Pipeline/Sunset Beach||Oʻahu||Both beaches are noted for their big wave surfing.|
|Verdant Cavern||Kaneana Cave (Makua Cave)||Oʻahu|
|Ten Carat Hill||Diamond Head||Oʻahu||Necrozma's appearance here in Pokémon Sun and Moon references the historical belief by western sailors that the calcite crystals near the mountain were diamonds.|
|Hau'oli Cemetery||National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific||Oʻahu||A popular tourist attraction dedicated to honor members of the armed forces, it is the largest cemetery in the state.|
|Berry fields||Dole Plantation||Oʻahu||The largest currently operating pineapple plantation in the state.|
|Melemele Meadow||Oahu Forest National Wildlife Refuge||Oʻahu||A National Wildlife Refuge dedicated to preserving and restoring populations of endangered honeycreepers.|
|Seaward Cave||Spitting Cave||Oʻahu|
|Kala'e Bay||Hanauma Bay||Oʻahu||A popular tourist attraction on Oʻahu, the bay is a nature sanctuary is well known for its efforts for preserving native marine life.|
|Ruins of Conflict||Puʻu o Mahuka Heiau||Oʻahu||The largest heiau on Oahu.|
|Melemele Sea||Kaiwi Channel||Oʻahu||An ocean channel that separates Oahu from Molokaʻi.|
|Akala Island||Maui||Its designated island color is pink (ʻākala in Hawaiian).|
|Pikachu Valley||ʻIao Valley||Maui|
|Brooklet Hill||ʻOheʻo Gulch||Maui||Known for its cascading series of pools, sometimes known as the "Seven Sacred Pools."|
|Paniola Town||Makawao||Maui||A community on Maui known to be dominated by agriculture and ranch lands.|
|Paniola Ranch||Haleakala Ranch||Maui||Largest ranch on Maui.|
|Royal Avenue||Wailuku||Maui||The Battle Royal Dome is based on the War Memorial Stadium.|
|Dividing Peak Tunnel||Olowalu Tunnel||Maui||A long road tunnel that connects Lahaina to Wailuku. Located on Honoapi'ilani Highway.|
|Diglett's Tunnel||Hana Lava Tube||Maui||Also known as Ka’eleku Cave, it is a large Lava Tube that originates from Haleakalā.|
|Konikoni City||Lāhainā||Maui||Lahaina is one of numerous locations of Hawaii where Chinese immigrants immigrated to work on local sugar cane plantations. Lahaina houses the only two Chinese Society Halls exist and are maintained in Hawaii.|
|Hano Grand Resort||Grand Wailea Resort||Maui||The most prominent hotel in the Wailea area.|
|Hano Beach||Wailea||Maui||Waialea is an area of Maui noted for its numerous grand hotels.|
|Wela Volcano Park||Haleakalā National Park||Maui||The tallest volcano on Maui and is currently inactive. Terrain is closer to Kīlauea.|
|Lush Jungle||Hana Forest Reserve||Maui||It is the largest tropical forest on the island of Maui.|
|Ruins of Life||Piʻilanihale Heiau||Maui||The largest heiau in the State of Hawaii.|
|Ula'ula Island||Hawaii Island||The largest island in the archipelago. Its designated island color is red (ʻulaʻula in Hawaiian).|
|Malie City||Hilo||Hawaii Island||Largest settlement on Hawaii Island. Noted locally for its particularly rainy climate.|
|Malie Garden||Liliuokalani Park and Gardens||Hawaii Island||Designed like an Edo-style Japanese garden, having numerous structures such as pagodas, torii (traditional Japanese gate), and a Japanese teahouse.|
|Mount Hokulani||Mauna Kea||Hawaii Island||The largest mountain in the world when measured from its base below sea level. Currently a dormant volcano.|
|Hokulani Observatory||Mauna Kea Observatories||Hawaii Island||A number of observatories located on the summit of Mauna Kea due to its ideal conditions for astronomy research.|
|Blush Mountain||Kīlauea||Hawaii Island||A currently active volcano. A power plant in the Puna district of Hawaii used the geothermal vents from Kilauea to generate electricity until the 2018 eruptions caused its temporary shutdown.|
|Secluded ShoreSM/Ula'ula BeachUSUM||Kaimū||Hawaii Island||A black sand beach that requires an extensive hike from the nearest automobile accessible road.|
|Tapu Village||Kalapana||Hawaii Island||A former inhabited town that was destroyed by a Kīlauea lava flow in 1986. Pele, Hawaiian goddess of volcanoes, is believed to be the cause of the town's destruction.|
|Haina Desert||Kaʻū Desert||Hawaii Island||Although not a true desert, the sulfur dioxide from Kīlauea's sulfuric lava plumes creates enough acid rain that plant growth is severely inhibited.|
|Ula'ula Meadow||Honuaʻula Forest Reserve||Hawaii Island|
|Lake of the Sunne/Lake of the Moone||Lake Waiau||Hawaii Island||The largest lake in Hawaii, located on Mauna Kea|
|Po Town||Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park||Hawaii Island||The most notable of many locations in Hawaii where people who broke Kapu could escape to. Such sites are difficult to enter and heavily protected, but once entered, a Kahuna on site could bless the individual, pardoning their crime.|
|Mount Lanakila||Mauna Loa||Hawaii Island||The largest shield volcano on earth; it is currently active. Mauna Loa is one of two locations to annually have snow in Hawaii, the other being Mauna Kea.|
|Ruins of Abundance||Puʻukoholā Heiau||Hawaii Island||The largest heiau on Hawaii Island, and the last heiau ever built.|
|Poni Island||Kauaʻi||Its designated island color is purple (poni in Hawaiian).|
|Seafolk Village||Port Allen||Kauaʻi|
|Poni Wilds||Kalalau Valley||Kauaʻi||A secluded valley on the northwest side of Kaua'i. It has no inhabitants and is completely inaccessible by automobiles.|
|Poni Beach||Pakala Beach||Kauaʻi|
|Poni Breaker Coast||Poʻipū||Kauaʻi||Famous for the geological blowhole known locally as Spouting Horn.|
|Ruins of Hope||Wailua River State Park||Kauaʻi||An area of Kauaʻi containing several important heiau. Malae is the largest heiau on Kaua'i while Poliʻahu is the most important heiau in Kaua'i lore.|
|Ancient Poni Path||Waimea||Kauaʻi||The site where the first western contact to the Hawaiian islands were made by James Cook|
|Vast Poni Canyon||Waimea Canyon State Park||Kauaʻi||A large canyon carved by the abundant rainfall from Mount Wai'ale'ale, it is nicknamed the Grand Canyon of the Pacific.|
|Altar of the Sunne/Altar of the Moone||Mount Waiʻaleʻale/Kawaikini||Kauaʻi||Mount Wai'ale'ale is the main volcano of Kauaʻi and is currently extinct. Kawaikini is the tallest peak of the mountain.|
|Poni Grove||Līhuʻe||Kauaʻi||Known locally for its location Kukui Grove and Grove Farms.|
|Plains Grotto||Fern Grotto||Kauaʻi|
|Poni Meadow||Alakaʻi Wilderness Preserve||Kauaʻi||A swamp region of Kauaʻi due to the high concentration of rain water from Waiʻaleʻale.|
|Resolution Cave||Maniniholo Dry Cave||Kauaʻi||It was believed to once house a malicious spirit deep in the cave.|
|Poni Coast||Kalihiwai||Kauaʻi||Notable for several waterfalls that are located on the side of the main highway.|
|Exeggutor Island||Niʻihau/Kahoʻolawe||Geographically located as Niʻihau to Kauaʻi, though the lack of human inhabitants is similar to Kahoʻolawe. Both require boats and special permission to travel to.|
|Aether Paradise||Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument||Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument consists of all the islands located northwest of Niʻihau in the Hawaiian archipelago. It is a U.S. National Monument and nature preserve dedicated to preserving and protecting numerous Hawaiʻi endemic endangered species.|
|Poké Pelago||Northwestern Hawaiian Islands||Small, uninhabited islands and atolls northwest of the main eight Hawaiian islands. Many native endemic Hawaiian organisms inhabit these islands.|
Galar is based on the United Kingdom, with the region focusing heavily on the island of Great Britain, flipped upside-down as if being viewed from the north. The main region itself is based mostly on England and Wales, while the Crown Tundra is based on Scotland. The Isle of Armor is based on the Isle of Man, which is a self-governing crown dependency of the United Kingdom.
|Pokémon world||Specific location||County/Shire||Country||Notes|
|Cumbria||England||One of the most popular tourist sites in the Lake District, located close to Bowness-on-Windermere on the shores of Lake Windermere.|
|Route 1||New Road/Lake Road||Cumbria||England||The main link road between Windermere and Bowness-on-Windermere.|
|Wedgehurst||Bowness-on-Windermere||Cumbria||England||Located on the shores of Lake Windermere, it is one of the most popular tourist sites in the Lake District.|
|Route 2||Near and Far Sawrey||Cumbria||England||Two villages that act as one tourist attraction because of Hill Top Farm, the home of Peter Rabbit author Beatrix Potter.|
|Slumbering Weald||Grizedale Forest||Cumbria||England||A forest area located within the Lake District. It is famous for its magic- and poetry-themed statues. The altar dedicated to Zacian and Zamazenta is similar to the Forest Fugue sculpture.|
|Wild Area||Lake District National Park/Peak District National Park||Cumbria/Derbyshire||England||Two of the most popular national parks in England. The Lake District, the inspiration for the southern section of the Wild Area, is known for its mountains and inland lakes, whilst the Peak District, the inspiration for the northern section of the Wild Area, is known for its peaks and rolling hills.|
|Motostoke||Manchester||Greater Manchester||England||The third-largest city in the United Kingdom, known for its industrial and railway past. The many structures were inspired from the Castlefield area.|
|Motostoke Stadium||Manchester Town Hall||Greater Manchester||England||A Victorian Neo-Gothic building situated within the city.|
|Route 3||Astley Green Colliery||Greater Manchester||England||A former coal mine that is now a Museum|
|Galar Mine||Standedge Tunnels||Greater Manchester/West Yorkshire||England||A trans-Pennine route for both rail and canal.|
|Route 4||Yorkshire Wolds||East Riding of Yorkshire/North Yorkshire||England||Low-lying hills that are situated east from the city of York.|
|Turffield||Amesbury||Wiltshire||England||A town located nearby the prehistoric Stonehenge. A hill figure, the Kilburn White Horse, is located in the North York Moors, but the one in Galar that depicts a Gigantamax Toxtricity in an ancient Max Raid Battle resembles the Uffington White Horse. The fact that Turffield is situated within the standing stones was also inspired by Avebury.|
|Route 5||Ribblehead Viaduct||North Yorkshire||England||A scenic railway viaduct that carries the Settle-Carlisle Railway over the River Ribble.|
|Hulbury||Liverpool||Merseyside||England||A major seaport that is known for the Albert Dock and Liver Building. It is also the birthplace of The Beatles. The houses built on a slope may have been inspired by St Ives, Cornwall.|
|Galar Mine No. 2||Mersey Tunnels||Merseyside||England||Major tunnels that cross under the River Mersey.|
|Motostoke Outskirts||Runcorn Railway Bridge||Cheshire||England||A railway bridge that crosses the River Mersey between Runcorn and Widnes. It is parallel to the Silver Jubilee Bridge.|
|Hammerlocke||Birmingham||West Midlands||England||The second-largest city in the United Kingdom. It is known for its vast canal network, which gives it the nickname the Venice of the North.|
|Hammerlocke Stadium||Warwick Castle||Warwickshire||England||A medieval castle with over a thousand years of history.|
|Energy Plant||Chamberlain Clock tower (Body) and BT Tower (summit)||West Midlands||England||Both are the tallest buildings in Birmingham and constitute heritage of the city.|
|Route 6||Cat and Fiddle Road||Cheshire/Derbyshire||England||A scenic and dangerous road in the United Kingdom that passes over the Peak District between Macclesfield and Buxton. The route is named after a pub located at its summit. The desert theme may also be based on Dungeness, which is known to be the only desert in the United Kingdom.|
|Stow-on-Side||Buxton||Derbyshire||England||A spa town that is described as "The Gateway to the Peak District National Park". It is home to Poole's Cavern and is also known for its spring water. Its name, as well as its potteries, may have been a reference to Stoke-on-Trent.|
|Glimwood Tangle||Sherwood Forest||Nottinghamshire||England||A well-known forest in the East Midlands that is said to be the home to the famous folklore character, Robin Hood.|
|Ballonlea||Stratford-Upon-Avon/Lavenham||Warwickshire/Suffolk||England||Stratford-Upon-Avon is famous for being the birthplace of William Shakespeare. Lavenham is famous for its legends about witches.|
|Route 7||Severn Tunnel||Gloucestershire/Monmouthshire||England/Wales||A railway tunnel that goes under the Severn Estuary.|
|Route 8||Glastonbury Abbey||Somerset||England||The ruins of an old abbey that is said to have links to King Arthur. It is rumored the site is actually Avalon.|
|Circhester||Bath||Somerset||England||A Roman spa city famous for its Georgian style buildings, geothermal hot springs, and the rows of houses such as the Circus and Royal Crescent.|
|Route 9||Cardigan Bay||Dyfed/Gwynedd||Wales||A large inlet in the Irish Sea that makes up most of Wales' coastline.|
|Spikemuth||Llandudno||Clwyd||Wales||A seaside resort known for its parade rows of houses and the Great Orme headland.|
|Route 9 Tunnel||Conwy Tunnel||Clwyd||Wales||An underwater road tunnel that goes under the River Conwy.|
|Route 10||Snowdonia||Clwyd/Gwynedd||Wales||A mountain range in Wales and National Park, with its highest mountain being Mount Snowdon.|
|Wyndon||London||Greater London||England||The largest city and the capital of the United Kingdom. Home to Big Ben, Palace of Westminster, the London Eye, and Piccadilly Circus.|
|Wyndon Stadium||Wembley Stadium||Greater London||England||The largest and most important stadium in the British Isles.|
|Rose Tower/Battle Tower||The Shard/ArcelorMittal Orbit||Greater London||England||The Shard is the tallest building in the United Kingdom. The ArcelorMittal Orbit was built for the 2012 Olympic Games and is now a slide attraction.|
|Isle of Armor||Isle of Man||Isle of Man||An island in the middle of the Irish Sea that is a crown dependency of the United Kingdom. It has its own culture, including myths and legends connected to fairies, and is world-famous for its Manx Grand Prix.|
|Challenge Road||Peel||Glenfaba||Isle of Man||A seaside town that is home to the replica of the Odin's Raven Longboat in the House of Manannan Museum; and Peel Castle, which is said to be haunted by a Black Dog called Moddey Dhoo. Its location atop a mountain may also be a reference to Snaefell, the highest mountain on the island.|
|Challenge Beach||Douglas||Middle||Isle of Man||The capital of the Isle of Man, which is home to many railways such as the Douglas Bay Horse Tram, the Isle of Man Railway, and the Snaefell Mountain Railway. It is the only ferry port on the island that connects to the mainland and Ireland.|
|Forest of Focus||Fairy Bridge||Middle||Isle of Man||A famous parish boundary bridge where fairies are said to dwell. People would say "Hello Fairies" when they cross and often leave wishes and notes beside the tree for good luck.|
|Honeycalm Island||Calf of Man||Bride||Isle of Man||A small islet located off the south coast.|
|Honeycalm Sea and Insular Sea||Calf Sound||Isle of Man||A body of water with various islets, which separate the Calf of Man.|
|Loop Lagoon||Ramsey Bay||Rushen||Isle of Man||A bay that was designated as a nature reserve.|
|Crown Tundra||Scottish Highlands||Scotland||A vast mountain range in the northern parts of Scotland, home to the famous Loch Ness and Ben Nevis, the highest mountain in the island of Great Britain.|
|Crown Shrine||Edinburgh Castle||Edinburgh||Scotland||An immense medieval castle that in the past was home to the kings, this refers to the fact that in the past it was the place where Calyrex was worshiped.|
|Old Cemetery and Giant's Bed||Crosbie Castle and the Fullarton estate||Troon, South Ayrshire||Scotland||The ruins of an old royal chapel, famous for the old graveyard.|
|Ballimere Lake and Dyna Tree Hill||Loch Lomond||Stirlingshire/Dunbartonshire||Scotland||The most largest Loch in Scotland. The name literally means Lake of the Elms, in reference to the Dynamax Tree, that resemble an Elm.|
|Pokémon world||Specific location||State||Notes|
|Phenac City||Phoenix||Arizona||Both cities were founded when a man brought water to the city.|
|Pyrite Town||Likely inspired by former mining towns such as Aguila and Wickenburg.|
|Agate Village||Flagstaff||Arizona||Flagstaff is located in the mountains north of Phoenix and has some prominent alpine forests due to its higher elevation. It is possibly also a nod to Arizona's snowbird population.|
|Gateon Port||Lake Havasu City||Arizona||A town located beside large bodies of water northwest of Phoenix/Phenac, which is home to lighthouses and unusual bridges.|
|Mt. Battle||San Francisco volcanic field||Arizona||An area of dormant volcanoes in Arizona, located near Flagstaff. May be specifically based on Humphreys Peak, the highest peak of the range, or any of the nearby cinder cones in the area.|
|Pokémon world||Specific location||Notes|
|Ringtown||Kurashiki||Okayama Prefecture||Both have a nearby river on the west, forests on the opposite side, and are close to the coast. Unlike Kurashiki, however, Ringtown doesn't have a port and the river doesn't traverse the settlement.|
|Summerland||Fukuda, Shōdo Island||Kagawa Prefecture||In-game, a tourist references how the S.S. Fiore ferries to Summerland. Similarly, there is a ferry route connecting Fukuda to Himeji. A resort in Summerland is also referenced, and present in Fukuda.|
|Fall City||Himeji||Hyōgo Prefecture||A port city lying east from Kurashiki. Similarly to Fall City, it has water streams running through.|
|Fiore Temple||Himeji Castle||Hyōgo Prefecture||The best known of the Japanese castles|
|Olive Jungle||Shōdo Island||Kagawa Prefecture||A popular tourist destination, this island saw the first successful olive cultivation in Japan, hence its nickname Olive Island.|
|Lyra Forest||Forest areas neighboring Asakuchi||Okayama Prefecture|
|Sekra Range||Mount Hyōno/Hiruzen||Okayama Prefecture|
|Kisara Plain||Yoshiokakawakita Park, possibly also other parks.||Kurashiki, Okayama Prefecture|
|Kalakka Desert (Unused)||Tottori Sand Dunes||Tottori Prefecture||Vast desert dunes in the north of Kurashiki and Okayama that make up the only desert badland in Japan.|
|Pokémon world||Specific location||Prefecture (subprefecture)||Notes|
|Chicole Village||松前町||Matsumae||北海道（渡島総合振興局）||Hokkaido (Oshima)|
|Vien Forest||函館山||Mount Hakodate||北海道（渡島総合振興局）||Hokkaido (Oshima)||Mount Hakodate attracts tourists for its view of Hakodate.|
|Pueltown||函館市||Hakodate||北海道（渡島総合振興局）||Hokkaido (Oshima)||Hakodate and Pueltown are both port cities.|
|Altru Park||五稜郭公園||Goryōkaku Park||北海道（渡島総合振興局）||Hokkaido (Oshima)||The Goryōkaku Tower overlooks Goryōkaku Park.|
|五稜郭タワー||Goryōkaku Tower||北海道（渡島総合振興局）||Hokkaido (Oshima)||The observation tower, which overlooks Goryōkaku Park, was rebuilt from 2004 to 2006.|
|Boyleland Volcano||恐山||Mount Osore||青森県||Aomori|
|Shiver Camp||ニセコ町||Niseko||北海道（後志総合振興局）||Hokkaido (Shiribeshi)||Niseko is home to multiple ski resorts.|
|Haruba Village||青森市||Aomori||青森県||Aomori||The Port of Aomori operates ferries to Hakodate.|
|Capture Arena||渡島大島||Ōshima||北海道（渡島総合振興局）||Hokkaido (Oshima)||The uninhabited island is also a nature preserve.|
|Pokémon world||Specific location||Prefecture||Notes|
|Sophian Island||Dōgojima||島後||Shimane Prefecture||島根県||It is the largest island of the Oki archipelago and the one that contains the capital of the islands.|
|Aqua Resort||Okinoshima City||隠岐の島町||Shimane Prefecture||島根県||Both are the largest and most populated cities of their islands. Both are port cities.|
|Mt. Sorbet||Mt. Daimanji||Dōgojima||Both are the tallest mountains in the islands.|
|Pokémon world||Specific location||Notes|
|Florio Island||Floreana Island|
|Belusylva Island||Isabela Island|
|This section is incomplete.|
Please feel free to edit this section to add missing information and complete it.
Reason: Missing notes
While the above locations are meant to correspond to the different regions around the real-life world, great liberties were taken with the design of their landscapes. Some of the designers have admitted to drawing inspiration from real-world locations outside their stated real-world counterparts, especially with locations depicted in Pokémon movies.
|Porta Vista||Acapulco||Guerrero, Mexico|
|Neon Town||Las Vegas||Nevada, United States|
|Hollywood||Hollywood, Los Angeles||California, United States|
|Whitestone||Ostuni||Apulia, Italy||The white façade of Whitestone's buildings is reminiscent of the medieval town of Ostuni. Domed buildings in the background draw inspiration from Byzantine architecture, and flat-roofed structures mirror those of the city's real-world counterpart.|
|Alto Mare||Venice||Italy||Venice's canals were likely an inspiration for the canals of Alto Mare.|
|Forina||Wulingyuan||Hunan, China||Wulingyuan is famed for its karst formation of quartzite sandstone pillars. Along with its ravines and gorges, the site also features a lush forest, several caves, natural bridges, and waterfalls.|
|LaRousse City||Vancouver||British Columbia, Canada||Vancouver is the city with the best quality of life in Canada and like the movie, it is a very ecological city with many scientific facilities.|
|Sootopolis City||Santorini||Greece||Like its name suggests, Sootopolis City was created in the wake of a volcanic eruption (per Pokémon Ruby, Sapphire, and Emerald). Similarly, Santorini, Greece, was formed as a result of the Minoan eruption, which left a large caldera that filled with water and became the current bay in the center of the island of Santorini (Thera). Both cities boast landscapes dotted with vivid blue domed roofs.|
|Cameran Palace||Neuschwanstein Castle||Bavaria, Germany|
|Solaceon Ruins||Ziggurat of Ur||Dhi Qar Governorate, Iraq|
|Alamos Town||Barcelona||Catalonia, Spain||The Space-Time Towers are based on the uncompleted church of Sagrada Familia.|
|Ten'i Village||Geiranger||Sunnmøre, Norway||A village that was nearly destroyed by a glacier. It is based on a town in Norway, which is threatened by the possibility of the mountain Åkerneset eroding into the fjord, causing a landslide-induced tsunami.|
|Michina Town||Meteora||Thessaly, Greece||Its landscape, which is filled with towering rock formations, resembles Meteora. Also, the architecture of the temples resembles that of ancient Greek temples.|
|Crown City||Amsterdam||The Netherlands||Its modern buildings are based on the many new buildings in parts of Amsterdam, and the Pokémon Baccer stadium is based on the Arena, the city's local football stadium.|
|Area 28||Area 51||Nevada, United States|
|Eindoak Town||Gourdon, Tourrettes-sur-Loup and Mont Saint-Michel||France|
|Roshan City||Shinjuku, Shinagawa, and Tennouzu Isle||Tokyo, Japan||The Roshan tower is inspired by the Tokyo Skytree.|
|New Tork City||New York City||New York, United States||A giant sprawling city with many skyscrapers, a large park in the middle of the city resembling Central Park, and a similar name. New Tork City as seen from above also resembles New York City's shape.|
|Kalos Canyon||Grand Canyon||Arizona, United States|
|Avignon Town||Avignon and Quebec City||France and Canada||A city in the south of France. The castle of Avignon Town, however, is based on the Château Frontenac, a large hotel that overlooks Quebec City much like Avignon Town's castle overlooks the town.|
|Orsay City||Toronto||Ontario, Canada||A city in southern Ontario famous for its port and city skylines. Like Toronto, Orsay City has a large port as well. The large mall in the city is based on the Toronto Eaton Centre, a large mall in the center of city.|
|Diamond Domain||Naica crystal cave||Chihuahua, Mexico||Colossal cave of several white crystals of Selenite in Chihuahua, and many of them are the largest in the whole world.|
|Allearth Forest||Golden Horseshoe, Niagara Falls, and Niagara Escarpment||Canada and United States||Like several elements of the movie based in Canada, the design of the waterfalls is quite similar to the Niagara Falls which are recognizable as vertical falls and two large walls of water.|
|Dahara City||Dubai and Abu Dhabi||United Arab Emirates||Dubai is located within the Arabian Desert and houses some of the world's tallest skyscrapers. The highest skyscraper is based on the Burj Khalifa.|
|Fleurrh City showcase theater||Metz and the Pompidou||Grand Est, France||The modernist and undulating design of the theater could be based on that of the Centre Pompidou-Metz, which also operates as a theater and show room.|
|Gloire City||Menthon-Saint-Bernard||Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France||A coastal city located on Lake Annecy, famous for its medieval Château perched above on a 660-foot-tall rock.|
|Azoth Kingdom||Carcassonne||Occitanie, France||Occitanie is an ancient city famous for being the meeting point between the Mediterranean and the towns of the Massif Central (the inspiration for the Nebel Plateau). It is also recognizable by its enormous walls of the citadel.|
|Nebel Plateau||Massif Central and Chaîne des Puys||France||This area is similar to the Auvergne volcanoes in the Massif Central, which is a highland region containing large mountain ranges and vast plateaus full of greenery and rich biodiversity.|
|Fula City||San Francisco||California, United States|
Real-world locations mentioned
- Prior to Pokémon: Let's Go, Pikachu! and Let's Go, Eevee!, Lt. Surge was known as "The Lightning American!". In Pokémon FireRed and LeafGreen, Pokémon Journal entries state that he "is rumored to have been a pilot while home in America."
- Game Freak's offices are present in the Celadon Condominiums, the equivalent location of their former real-world office in Carrot Tower. Likewise, they have a building in Castelia City, and are found on 22F, the same floor that their former offices were on in Carrot Tower.
- In the Generation I games and Pokémon FireRed and LeafGreen, Scientist Taylor in the Silph Co. building mentions an international branch of Silph Co. In English, he states that the Tiksi branch of the company is "in Russian no-man's-land". In the Japanese version, he states that the Ponaya Tunguska (Japanese: ポナヤツングスカ) branch is located "deep in Russia". Ponaya Tunguska appears to be a shortened form of the transliterated name of Podkamennaya Tunguska in Japanese (ポドカメンナヤツングースカ).
- Mew was originally discovered in the jungles of the South American country Guyana. This is mentioned in logs inside of Cinnabar Island's Pokémon Mansion.
- In Gold, Silver, Crystal, HeartGold, and SoulSilver, Webster, the guard in the gate north of Goldenrod City, will give the player a Spearow holding mail to deliver. The Spearow is nicknamed Kenya, the name of a country in Africa.
- In the original Japanese version of FireRed and LeafGreen, Blaine refers to Kyoto.
- Upon defeating Fisherman Bronson in the Sinnoh Battle Tower, he will say, "Why the emperor of fishing? It's an ancient Chinese legend...".
- A Guitarist that can be battled in Generation IV's Battle Frontier mentions that his guitar is actually a Japanese instrument.
- Among the exhibits of the Nacrene museum, there is an African mask, referring to a place in the real world, in addition to being different from other exhibitions, which are related to the history of the Pokémon.
- Articuno, Beartic, Arctozolt, and Arctovish's names are derived from a real-world location, the Arctic.
- Arcanine's Pokémon Yellow, Stadium, Gold, FireRed, and HeartGold Pokédex entries state that it is mentioned in Chinese legends.
- Parasect's Stadium and FireRed Pokédex entries mention that its spores are used in medicine in China.
- Ponyta's Stadium Pokédex entry mentions that it can clear the Eiffel Tower (Tokyo Tower in the original Japanese version) in one leap, and its FireRed entry says that it can clear Ayers Rock in one leap.
- Poliwrath's Gold, Ruby, Sapphire, Emerald, Diamond, Pearl, Platinum, HeartGold, Black, White, Black 2, White 2 and X Pokédex entries mention its ability to swim the Pacific Ocean. Also, the direction of a Poliwrath's spirals depends on its geographical location. In Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire, it instead refers to "the ocean".
- Xatu's Silver, FireRed, and SoulSilver Pokédex entries mention that South Americans say that it can see both the future and past.
- Delibird's Ruby, Sapphire, and Emerald Pokédex entries explain that a Delibird helped a famous explorer reach the top of Mt. Everest. In Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire, it instead refers to "world's highest mountain," which is what Mt. Everest is to Earth.
- Regice's Emerald Pokédex entry mentions Antarctic ice.
- Galarian Meowth are implied to have been raised by Vikings in ancient times, and share many similarities with them.
- In School of Hard Knocks, Misty fantasizes about Paris and the Eiffel Tower.
- In The Ninja Poké-Showdown, James says that the Fuchsia Gym looks like a Japanese restaurant.
- In the English dub of The March of the Exeggutor Squad, Melvin says he wanted to make it to Las Vegas. In the Japanese version, he said that he wanted to make it to Broadway.
- In The Evolution Solution, Meowth says, "Keep digging till you hit China!" to Jessie and James, who were digging for clam shells.
- In the William Shakespeare-inspired episode Wherefore Art Thou, Pokémon?, Misty described the town as like being in "merry old England".
- In Mewtwo Strikes Back, Team Rocket are disguised as Vikings. In the English dub, Brock says that he didn't know that Vikings still existed and Ash replies that they "mostly live in Minnesota". This is a reference to the Minnesota Vikings, a football team in the area.
- In the Swedish dub of the movie, Ash says that they come from Norway, a reference to the Norse Vikings who lived from the 8th to the 11th century.
- In the Danish dub of the movie, Ash tells Brock that the Vikings are mostly on trips in Sweden, again referring to the Norse Vikings, but may also refer to Vikingarna, a Swedish dansband.
- In the Finnish dub of the movie, Ash quips that Vikings still live in the Sipoo archipelago, referring to the fact that Sipoo was at the time mostly inhabited by Swedish-speaking Finns (another reference to Norse Vikings).
- At the end of Mewtwo Returns, Mewtwo is shown overlooking a "faraway city" that greatly resembles New York City. Buildings similar to the Chrysler Building and the MetLife Building are visible in the distance.
- In Pokémon Heroes: Latios & Latias, Misty makes a direct reference to the Earth, saying, "The Earth is so pretty." However, she may be referring to the landscape rather than the literal planet.
- In Can't Beat the Heat, Ash's Charizard uses Seismic Toss. Normally, a cloudy globe can be seen, but this time the Pacific Ocean and Australia are prominent. This also happens in Volcanic Panic and the introduction to Mewtwo Strikes Back.
- In the English dub of The Scheme Team, Jessie talks about Antarctica, the place where their next assignment is located.
- In Pasta La Vista!, an ad in May's food guidebook mentions "Chinese noodles".
- In the Hindi dub of Oshawott's Lost Scalchop!, while Ash's Oshawott was perfecting Aqua Jet, Cilan states "जाना था जापान पर पहुंच गए चाइना" (lit. Jānā thā Japan, par pahunch gaye China), which refers to the real-world countries of Japan and China. The phrase itself can be interpreted roughly as "The aim and the result were different".
- In Movie Time! Zorua in "The Legend of the Pokémon Knight"!, the Eiffel Tower and the Arc de Triomphe were seen on a movie poster.
- In the Hindi dub of Mega Revelations! , Meowth says "हम सब जानते हैं कश्मीर से कन्याकुमारी तक" (lit. Ham sab jānte hain, Kashmīr se Kanyākumāri tak). This is a common Indian saying, roughly translating to "Our knowledge is supreme", which refers to the Indian subcontinent's northernmost region, Kashmir, and its southernmost city, Kanyakumari.
- Starting with the sixteenth movie, each Pokémon movie features a recurring globe texture in the intro used to represent the Pokémon world: the globe texture features altered landmasses such as one resembling Africa but featuring only the Sahara Desert and the southern half being missing, a large island to the northwest of the Sahara-like landmass, the Arabian Peninsula missing several large chunks, a landmass resembling Australia but rotated 90 degrees clockwise in the middle of a body of water resembling the Indian Ocean, and the northeastern portion of Russia being missing. However, other parts of the globe remain virtually unchanged, like those resembling most of Europe, the Indian subcontinent, Central and Southeast Asia, and Papua New Guinea.
- In Mega Evolution Special IV, a holographic globe can be seen inside Lysandre Labs. The globe features continents similar to the real Earth, implying that the known regions in the Pokémon world may actually be smaller parts of a larger landmass.
- In the TCG Lucky Stadium (Neo Destiny 100) card, there is a promotional New York City print with a Pichu and a Pikachu flying on a Charizard in New York City, with the Empire State Building visible in the background.
Real-world people and cultures mentioned
- Hitmonlee and Hitmonchan are explicitly named after martial artists Bruce Lee and Jackie Chan, respectively. In other languages where their names are different, those names are likewise derived from real people.
- Snorlax's Japanese name Kabigon is the nickname of Game Freak programmer Kōji Nishino. This is referenced in Black 2 and White 2, in which Nishino appears as a battleable NPC and his highest-leveled Pokémon is Snorlax.
- The core series games have featured staff members of Game Freak that typically reward the player for completing the National Pokédex, or occasionally through alternative methods. Shigeki Morimoto can be battled in the Generation V, VII, and VIII games; in Ultra Sun and Ultra Moon, he is fought in a Double Battle that also features director Kazumasa Iwao.
- In Pokémon Shipwreck, Brock directly refers to the tale of Noah who sent a dove to find dry land after a great flood, according to most Abrahamic religions.
- The Japanese version of the song Team Rocket Forever includes the lines 「ムサシ!/コジロウ!/関門海峡/門司/下関」"Musashi!/Kojirō!/Kanmon Straits.../Moji.../Shimonoseki...", referencing the famous duel that Miyamoto Musashi and Sasaki Kojirō (the name basis for Jessie and James's Japanese names, Musashi and Kojirō) fought on an island in the Kanmon Straits, which is located between Moji and Shimonoseki.
- The Japanese holiday Hinamatsuri (means Doll Festival, but sometimes referred to as Girls' Day) is featured in Princess vs. Princess (dubbed as the Princess Festival).
- The Japanese holiday Children's Day (Kodomo no Hi) is featured in The Purr-fect Hero (dubbed as Kids Day).
- Christmas is mentioned several times in the anime and manga. Santa Claus is a recurring character in the Pokémon anime who first appeared in Holiday Hi-Jynx. In the dub, Santa's home is called the North Pole.
- In The Art of Pokémon, James mentions the presence of Picasso and Rembrandt's paintings at his home.
- In Celebi: The Voice of the Forest, Meowth asks if they saw the Iron-Masked Marauder in a Mexican wrestling movie.
- In A Bite to Remember, Jessie says that Albert Einstein created the light bulb. Max corrects her, saying that Thomas Edison was the creator.
- NPCs in the core series games are regularly named after real-world people.
- In the Generation IV Battle Frontier, one of the potential NPC opponents is Guitarist Iggy, a reference to Iggy Pop.
- Johto Route 35, Connecting Cave, Hau'oli Cemetery, and Viridian Forest (in Let's Go, Pikachu! and Let's Go, Eevee!) each contain a Trainer whose Japanese name is Ikue (in the latter two cases, this name was preserved in other languages as well) and who uses a Pikachu. Ikue Ohtani is the voice actress for Ash's Pikachu.
- Alola Route 5 contains a Double Battle against trainers named Isa and Nico, named in honor of the daughters of Eric Medalle, a Pokémon creative director who was killed in an accident during the time Pokémon Sun and Moon were in development.
- In Pokémon Sword and Shield, an Artist NPC named Kapoor can trade with the player, a reference to British artist Anish Kapoor.
- In Pokémon Crystal, several Trainers in the Battle Tower are references to people involved in the creation of the game.
- Guitarist Masuda is a reference to Junichi Masuda, Crystal's music director.
- Bug Catcher Tajiri is a reference to Pokémon's creator, Satoshi Tajiri, and his childhood fixation with bug catching.
- Scientist Mori is a reference to Akito Mori, who is listed under "special thanks" in Crystal.
- Teacher Kawakami is a reference to Naoko Kawakami, who is listed under "special thanks" in Crystal.
- In Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver, a Team Rocket Grunt mentions the hula dance to a Kimono Girl while in the Kimono Dance Theater.
- In Pokémon Black and White, six of the Seven Sages quote proverbs from several Chinese philosophers.
- Zinzolin quotes a proverb from Mencius and a line from Tao Te Ching at N's Castle.
- Gorm quotes a proverb from Sun Tzu's The Art of War in Pinwheel Forest, and a line from both The Analects and Huainanzi at N's Castle.
- Bronius quotes another line from Tao Te Ching at N's Castle.
- Giallo quotes another line from Mencius at N's Castle.
- In the Japanese version, Ryoku quotes a line from Zhuangzi at N's Castle. In both versions, he also quotes a proverb by Song Dynasty philosopher Hu Yin at N's Castle.
- Rood quotes another proverb from the Analects and made a reference to a Chinese idiom at N's Castle.
- In Black, White, Black 2, and White 2, the woman in Mistralton City who normally gives a Heart Scale in exchange for ten Sweet Hearts will trade a Heart Scale for only five Sweet Hearts on Valentine's Day and White Day.
- Archeops's name is possibly derived from Cheops, the Greek name for Egyptian pharaoh Khufu.
Other references to the real world
- In all of the core series games and some side series games, there is a Nintendo gaming console in the player's bedroom. This is a reference to the real-world gaming company that owns the franchise.
- An old man at the Pewter Museum of Science says that the first manned flight to the moon was in 1969, same as in the real world.
- Raichu and Gastly's FireRed Pokédex entries mention both Pokémon being able to easily knock out an Indian Elephant, an actual animal.
- The Arceus event that takes place in Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver includes real life pictures in the game.
- In Beheeyem, Duosion, and the Dream Thief!, a painting within the resort created by Beheeyem bears a striking resemblance to Relativity by M. C. Escher.
- One of the hotels Ash and his group tried to stay at and ultimately failed to do so in the episode Riddle Me This! featured a painting of a tiger near grass, mirroring a similar painting found at Azuchi Castle.
- The nameless movie May describes in Lights, Camerupt, Action! is a reference to the movie Titanic.
- In Dawn's flashback in Yes In Dee Dee, It's Dawn, a teacher tells her students a tale about Buneary and Turtwig, which is similar to "The Tortoise and the Hare".
- In I Choose You!, Ash dreams about being in an alternate reality where no Pokémon exist and children attend regular school.
- Multiple references to the geographical relations between the real world locations the in-game regions are based on have been made throughout the games; for example, a Swimmer on Galar Route 9 says people have successfully swum between Kalos and Galar.
- UN Atlas of the Oceans
- Pokémon Sun and Moon Japanese official site
- Interview with Junichi Masuda and Shigeru Ohmori on the official Pokémon website
- Tweet regarding Isle of Armor and Crown Tundra's inspiration
- Galar Tour Brochure
- Exclusive Pokémon Sword And Shield Concept Art Gallery
- Falling tree kills Pokémon designer and Detroit native Eric Medalle - Detroit Free Press
- iimarck.us - Battle Tower In‐Jokes