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List of cross-canon references

175Togepi.png This article contains fan speculation.
There is no solid evidence for or against some parts of this article.

The Pokémon series is noted for having multiple, distinctly different canons. They often will make references to one another.


List of references

Game references

To anime

In the core series
In the side games
In spin-off games
  • A Jigglypuff with a marker appears in Pokémon Snap.
  • In Pokémon Snap, Mew uses a bubble which acts like a shield. In Mewtwo Strikes Back, Mew were seen to create bubbles with it inside for the seemingly same reasons.
  • Pokémon Puzzle League is heavily based on the anime, with Ash Ketchum being the player character and all other characters coming from the anime.
  • In Hey You, Pikachu!, Ash's outfit can be seen hanging on a coatrack in the bedroom. Pikachu also uses the hat in The Piñata Party to cover its eyes.
  • Pokémon Channel uses the anime voices of Pokémon, including Maddie Blaustein's Meowth. It also features an episode exclusive to the game: Pichu Bros. in Party Panic.
    • After completing the main story, a Togepi will come to the player's house with a channel that contains a dub of "Pichu Bros. in Party Panic" with Misty as the narrator, a reference to her Togepi.
  • In the Japanese version of Pokémon Ranger: Guardian Signs, Rand has a line in which he notes that "someone said that dreams will someday become reality".
  • In Pokémon GO, if the player nicknames their Eevee after one of the Eevee brothers (excluding Mikey), it is guaranteed to evolve into that brother's respective Eeveelution. In every other case, the form Eevee evolves into in Pokémon GO is random.
    • Once Generation II Pokémon became fully available in the game, it also became possible to guarantee Eevee's evolution into Umbreon or Espeon by naming it after Tamao or Sakura, respectively.
  • In Pokémon GO, an exclusive Pikachu form, Pikachu wearing Ash's hat, was introduced for a period of three weeks in July 2017 to celebrate the anniversary of the game.
  • In Pokémon GO, the Medal players can get for trading a lot of Pokémon is named after the Gentleman Trainer class, doubling as a reference to the Gentleman Ash temporarily traded his Butterfree to in Battle Aboard the St. Anne.
  • In Pokémon Duel, before the start of The Volcano's Stage 17, Luca's Device, Another, tells him "I'm like you, pal. I'll battle every day to claim my rightful place" and "Ya wanna be the very best, don't ya?" This is a reference to the lyrics of the Pokémon Theme song.
  • In Detective Pikachu, when Tim and Detective Pikachu encounter a regular Pikachu, the two Pikachu have a short talk, during which Detective Pikachu tells the other Pikachu and his partner to become "the very best, like no one ever was", referencing the lyrics of the Pokémon Theme song. The other Pikachu could potentially also be a reference to Ash's Pikachu.
  • From October 2 to December 16, 2019, the Viridian Gym, in its anime design, appeared in a Team GO Rocket-themed loading screen in Pokémon GO.
  • In July 2020, Jessie and James started appearing as members of Team GO Rocket in Pokémon GO, moving around in their Meowth balloon.
  • Also in July 2020, the Team Rocket trio appeared in an event for Pokémon Masters EX, apparently having been transported to Pasio by a Shiny Celebi, a reference to M23, which was supposed to have been released that same month before being delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Some of the trio's running gags are mentioned or featured during the event as well, such as their robots, pitfall traps, and motto.
    • The trio reappeared in a follow-up event in September 2020, during which James mentions how he was almost married to Jessebelle. When the player battles them, they acknowledge how they always have trouble with Pikachu, shortly before the player's Pikachu blasts them off, with their signature blast-off twinkle appearing in the distance.
In the Super Smash Bros. series

To manga


Anime references

To games

Original sketch of Silver

To manga


To other Pokémon media

Manga references

Pokémon Adventures references

To games
To anime

The Electric Tale of Pikachu references

To games
  • Gary's sister's existence (in the anime he was never revealed to have one).
  • May gives Ash a Town Map, much like her game counterpart does to Red.
  • TMs (which come from games and have never appeared in the anime) are shown in this manga.
To anime
  • This series is loosely based on the anime.
  • The design of the TM that Ash uses to teach Mimic to Mikey's Eevee resembles the TM design seen in the TCG.

Pokémon Zensho references

To games
  • This manga is the most direct adaptation of Generation I games. It shows some events from games, which were omitted in other canons (e.g. Brock having a Jr. Trainer♂ as an apprentice, S.S. Anne's captain's sea sickness, the hunt for the Safari Zone Warden's dentures).
  • The main characters' names are Satoshi and Shigeru, rather than Red and Green, however it's likely that these names are directly taken from optional names of the game characters, rather than the anime.
  • When Brock's apprentice mentions the Elite Four, they appear as shadows in the same poses they had in their Generation I sprites.
To anime
  • Satoshi without his hat looks a lot like Ash.
  • Satoshi has a Pikachu, it however doesn't seem to be an intended reference, as this one wasn't Satoshi's starter and it eventually evolved.
  • The Cerulean Gym building has a picture of Dewgong on the outside wall.
  • Satoshi gets the Rainbow Badge from Erika, rather than winning it in the battle.
To other manga

Magical Pokémon Journey references

To anime
To other manga

Pokémon Chamo-Chamo ☆ Pretty ♪ references

To other manga

Pokémon Pocket Monsters references

To games
  • This series is based on the world and events of the main game series.

Pokémon Gold & Silver: The Golden Boys references

To games
  • Many events from the manga are based on those of the Generation II games.
To anime

Aim to Be a Card Master!! references

  • The main goal for the manga's main character Kenta Minamii is to become a great TCG player.

TCG references

To games

  • Many locations and characters from the games appear on different cards, particularly Trainer cards.
  • Many backgrounds for Pokémon cards are closely based on game locations, especially in the BW era.

To anime

TFG references

To games


  • This game uses the same rarities as the TCG, with the exception of extra rare figures.
  • This game has Trainer cards like those in the TCG, though their incorporation and usage is different.

Detective Pikachu movie references

To games

  • While Tim Goodman is attempting to capture a Cubone, he compliments it for being able to pull off wearing the skull of a dead relative on its head, a reference to several of Cubone's Pokédex entries.
    • Tim's friend, Jack, says that a Cubone would be a perfect Pokémon for him as they are both lonely, a reference to Cubone's category.
  • Mewtwo is said to have escaped from the Kanto region 20 years ago, referring to its backstory in the Generation I games and their remakes.
  • The Greninja use water swords similar to those used by the one in the Super Smash Bros. series.
  • Pikachu is afraid of using Volt Tackle as he knows it could knock him out, referencing how the move works in the games.
  • Posters referring to the Johto and Sinnoh regions can be seen in Tim's bedroom.
  • The Trainer who appears in the Ryme City promotional ad that Tim watches on the train looks like an older version of Red.

To anime


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