In the main series
In Fossil Fools, Professor Oak mentioned that, at the age of six, he decided to become a Pokémon Professor after seeing the spirals of an Omanyte shell during a school excursion to a museum.
In Will the Real Oak Please Stand Up?, Professor Oak mentioned that his childhood nickname was "Flying Finger Sammy" because he was particularly good at playing video games.
At some point, Oak was a lecturer at Celadon University, where Foster was one of his top students. In Professor Elm's debut, he mentioned that he was one of Oak's top performing students at university. In Spell of the Unown: Entei, it was revealed that Oak also taught Spencer Hale and Ash's mother Delia.
Professor Oak debuted in Pokémon, I Choose You!, appearing on a late night television show explaining the three starter Pokémon that Pokémon Trainers would receive. The next day, three Trainers from Pallet Town, including his grandson, Gary Oak, came to his lab, ready to become Pokémon Trainers. Oak gave them each a starter Pokémon, including giving Gary his Squirtle, though this wasn't revealed until much later in the series. Later that same day, Ash came to him as he was also starting his Pokémon journey and needed his first Pokémon. But because he was so late, the only Pokémon that Oak had left was a rebellious Pikachu.
In Pokémon Emergency, Oak called the Viridian City Pokémon Center after hearing that Ash had already made it there from his mother. He stated how he was surprised that he had made it that far, and expressed doubts he had when Ash first left. Mentioning making a bet of a million dollars with Gary that Ash hadn't captured any new Pokémon, he was disappointed to hear that this was indeed true and he had lost the bet with his grandson. When Ash told him that he had seen an unknown Pokémon, which resembled the stone carving above him, he waved it away as nonsense, saying that Trainers have searched their whole lives for that Pokémon, and none have succeeded.
Over the course of Ash and Gary's journeys, Professor Oak took care of the Pokémon they captured that were sent to his lab. He would often gloat about how much farther ahead his grandson was to Ash like in Mystery at the Lighthouse, which often caused Ash to be extra competitive. During the Indigo Plateau Conference, Oak became greatly disappointed when he discovered that Gary had lost in the third round, but decided to look on the bright side, telling Misty and Brock that it would do Gary good to see "every road has a few bumps along the way." He had arrived with Ash's mother with the goal of cheering Ash on in mind.
Following the Indigo Plateau Conference, Professor Oak asked Ash to pick up a mysterious Poké Ball from his friend, Professor Ivy, who lives on Valencia Island in the Orange Archipelago. He wasn't at all surprised when Ash called him asking if he could compete in the Orange League. Though he wanted to study the GS Ball, he also wanted Ash to compete in the league so that he can get more training. During Ash's adventures in the Orange Islands, he befriended a Pokémon watcher by the name of Tracey Sketchit who was a great admirer of Professor Oak. When the group returned to Pallet Town in The Rivalry Revival, Tracey asked if he could become his assistant, which Oak graciously accepted.
Not being able to discover the mystery behind the GS Ball, Professor Oak called for Ash's assistance once more and asked him to travel to the Johto region and give the Ball to his friend Kurt. He also explained that there were many new Pokémon out west which made Ash all the more eager to go and catch up with his rival, Gary. Ash completed this task in Going Apricorn!, leaving the GS Ball in Kurt’s possession for further study.
In Will the Real Oak Please Stand Up?, Oak and his friend DJ Mary announced they were going to broadcast a live show in Maroon Town. Team Rocket got wind of this and disguised themselves as Oak and Mary. With the help of Nurse Joy, a quiz show determined who was the real Oak and Mary.
In Hatch Me If You Can, Professor Oak and Delia traveled to New Bark Town to catch up with Professor Elm, and also to see Ash before the upcoming Silver Conference. The trio's dinner plans were interrupted after a nearby Pokémon Center alerted them to an issue with Ash's newly hatched Larvitar. Oak and Elm were then able to stabilize Larvitar's body temperature.
Professor Oak, along with Delia, traveled to Silver Town to watch Ash and his grandson Gary compete in the Silver League Conference, from A Claim to Flame! to Johto Photo Finish.
After learning Ash was traveling to the Hoenn region, Professor Oak gave him an updated Pokédex and wished him the best of luck.
In Gonna Rule the School, Oak was lecturing the students of Rustboro's Pokémon Trainers' School via satellite.
Oak traveled to Hoenn in A Six Pack Attack! to meet with Professor Birch for the first time and brought along the Kanto starter Pokémon as they interacted with the Hoenn starters. Max was particularly excited to meet his idol in person, but the meeting was interrupted when Team Rocket kidnapped both the Hoenn and Kanto starters. Oak, May, and Max followed Team Rocket to their cave headquarters and later worked together to escape the facility with the starter Pokémon.
In The Right Place and The Right Mime, Professor Oak noticed that one of his Squirtle felt most comfortable being with May, and offered it for her to raise into a strong Pokémon. He also agreed to look after her Bulbasaur after seeing that it was interested in learning from Ash's own Bulbasaur.
In The Unbeatable Lightness of Seeing!, when Ash was still recovering from his defeat at the Battle Pyramid, Professor Oak brought him a special package meant to cheer him up, containing a poster with the prints of his Pokémon, a fishing lure from Misty, and food from his mother. He also handed Ash a postcard from Gary and told him that his grandson was doing research in the Sinnoh region and that many Pokémon who live there cannot be found anywhere else. Later, he was asked to judge the impromptu Contest Battle between May and Drew. Along with Scott, he judged their battle, which ended in a victory for Drew after his Roselia and Butterfree knocked out May's Combusken and Skitty.
Ash spoke to Professor Oak regularly over the phone while he traveled through the Sinnoh region. Dawn was able to recognize him from television, but it was because of his Pokémon poetry and not his research.
In Get Your Rotom Running!, Oak suggested that Ash and his friends should visit the Old Chateau to sample its famous delicacy, the Old Gateau.
Professor Oak in the Twinleaf Festival
In Strategy Begins at Home!, Ash called Professor Oak while staying at Johanna's house and said he would be training in Twinleaf Town for a while. Oak told him to use this opportunity to learn from Johanna, as her experience as a Top Coordinator could be helpful to him. Oak also announced that he would be attending the Twinleaf Festival as a special guest.
In A Faux Oak Finish!, he traveled to Sinnoh to give a lecture on "the interrelation of Pokémon and Evolutionary stones" on the first day of the Twinleaf Festival. However, on his way to Twinleaf Town, his car got a flat tire and forced him to make a stop near a marshland. While the driver was replacing the tire, Oak decided to explore the area. He found a group of wild Pokémon who led him to a cave where a depressed Lombre was hiding. Oak found out why Lombre was so sad and gave it a Water Stone, allowing it to evolve into Ludicolo and immediately taking it out of its depressed state.
Meanwhile, in Twinleaf, James was in the town's auditorium disguised as Oak plotting to steal all of the attendees' Pokémon. When Oak arrived there, everyone in the auditorium looked confused as James insisted he was the real Professor Oak. Seeing this, a Trainer in the audience sent out his Tyranitar and asked for help, saying he was having trouble with the Armor Pokémon. James failed to figure out what was the cause of the problem and was sent blasting off by Tyranitar, but Oak was able to help the Pokémon by removing a thorn from its foot. After that, Professor Oak proceeded to give his lecture.
Professor Oak was given a major redesign in the Best Wishes series, using a different shirt collar style and wearing his lab coat above it. His hairstyle also changed, becoming more boxy. These changes make his look closely resemble his most recent game counterpart artwork.
Oak made plans to travel to the Unova region to meet with his friend, Professor Juniper, in In The Shadow of Zekrom! and invited Delia and Ash to go with him. He had since returned to Kanto as seen in Crisis from the Underground Up! where Ash called his laboratory from Nimbasa City.
In New Places... Familiar Faces!, Ash called Professor Oak to inform about his loss at the Vertress Conference. In The Fires of a Red-Hot Reunion!, the Professor appeared again in a video lecture about the Kanto starter Pokémon that was presented at the Kanto Fair, accompanied by Tracey. Later, Ash's Charizard came to his lab from the Charicific Valley so Ash would switch him for his Unfezant. Oak liked the idea of Unfezant being with him, as she could make good friends with Ash's Noctowl and Staraptor.
In To Catch a Rotom!, he appeared in the Decolore Islands, having traveled to Torom Island. Professor Oak wished to capture a Rotom to study, and eventually succeeded after helping Ash and his friends defeat Team Rocket.
As seen in Butterfree and Me!, Professor Juniper sent Ash's Pokémon caught in Unova to Oak's laboratory; Ash contacted Oak to get Leavanny sent to him to help a Caterpie evolve.
In The Dream Continues! Professor Oak was interviewed by Alexa, a reporter from the Kalos region which gave him a chance to see Pokémon from there much to his delight. He was later present when Ash announced his intention to return with Alexa to Kalos to challenge its league. As usual, Professor Oak was entrusted with the care of the Pokémon Ash had caught in Unova, as well as Charizard who would be remaining at the lab permanently from then on.
Professor Oak appeared briefly in A Battle of Aerial Mobility!, where he was introduced to Froakie before being shocked by Rotom.
He was later mentioned in Battling on Thin Ice!, where it was revealed that Ash and Serena both attended his Pokémon Summer Camp during their childhood.
In Till We Compete Again!, he joined in on a video call with Delia to Ash and his friends, where he learned Ash was going to return to Pallet Town later that day.
|| This section is incomplete.|
Please feel free to edit this section to add missing information and complete it.
Reason: Roles in SM139, SM140, SM141, SM142, SM143, and SM144.
After winning a trip to the Alola region, Delia and Ash headed to Professor Oak's lab, where he received Ash's on-hand Pokémon and took the opportunity to entrust Delia with a Pokémon Egg. He asked her to deliver the Egg to his cousin Samson Oak, at the Pokémon School on Melemele Island.
After meeting with Delia in Alola to New Adventure!, Samson made a video call to Professor Oak and notified him the Egg arrived safely. Professor Oak did not tell Ash what Pokémon it was, so only after hatching in Getting to Know You! was it revealed to be a Vulpix, which Samson kept.
In Alola, Kanto!, Ash, his classmates, Samson, and Professor Kukui, who were all visiting Kanto, arrived at his lab to examine the differences between Kantonian and Alolan Pokémon. He appeared briefly in When Regions Collide! to see Kukui and his students fly back to the Alola region.
Professor Oak appeared on television in Night of a Thousand Poses!.
In Show Me the Metal!, Ash made contact with him after discovering a group of Meltan. Rotom sent through its gathered data for Oak to examine. In the following episode, Professor Oak informed Ash that he had identified the mysterious Pokémon as an entirely new species, and he settled on the name "Meltan", the Hex Nut Pokémon and gave it a Steel-type classification.
In SM138, Oak and Delia arrived at Manalo Stadium to watch Ash's battle during the Manalo Conference finals. Upon arriving, he met Ash's Meltan for the first time, then watched as it combined with the other Meltan to evolve into Melmetal.
He reappeared from SM139 to SM144.
Professor Oak lives up the road from Delia Ketchum and her son, and he and Delia often appear together as good friends. His known relatives are his grandson Gary and his cousin Samson. He is also good friends with Professors Birch and Juniper.
His often-forgetful attitude and other antics are notorious. He also has a hobby of composing senryū, haiku-like poems about Pokémon or Pokémon-related themes.
In the novelizations written by Takeshi Shudō, Professor Oak comes from a prestigious family. He has two brothers, one of whom is the mayor of Pallet Town while the other is its postmaster, and his grandfather was the first Trainer from Pallet Town to receive widespread recognition, while Samuel himself gained prominence after he published a research paper on Pokémon at the age of 20. It is also stated that he became a professor at Celadon University at the age of 25. According to Professor Elm, Professor Oak's studies and research mostly focus on how humans and Pokémon interact with each other.
This listing is of Professor Oak's known Pokémon in the anime:
- Various Pokémon are used in his lectures, which may belong to him or to Trainers whose Pokémon he cares for.
Gives to new Trainers
| Charmander is a Pokémon that Professor Oak gives to new Trainers. Charmander was mentioned in the first episode of the anime, as one of the three Starter Pokémon new Trainers in Pallet Town can choose from. Ash dreamed of owning one, although it was his last choice of a starter coming after Squirtle and Bulbasaur. However, when he arrived at Professor Oak's Laboratory, he found out it was too late, as another Trainer who started the same day had already taken it.
In Journey to the Starting Line!, Gilbert was intended to start his journey as a Pokémon Trainer, but the trio of Kanto Starter Pokémon were scared off when Ash's Tauros stampeded through Professor Oak's house. Professor Oak, Tracey, Delia and Gilbert split up in order to find the three missing Pokémon. The Charmander was the first one to be found.
Another one appears in A Six Pack Attack!, where Oak shows them to Max. Suddenly, Team Rocket captures them along with the other Kanto and Hoenn starters. Max is able to find them and then has Torchic and Charmander heat the cage with Ember until finally they are free. It then helps send Team Rocket blasting off. Another one appears in The Right Place at the Right Mime! along with the other starters.
Various Charmander's known moves are Ember.
|| Pokémon - I Choose You!
| Squirtle is a Pokémon that Professor Oak gives to new Trainers. Squirtle was mentioned in the first episode of the anime, as one of the three Starter Pokémon new Trainers in Pallet Town can choose from. Ash dreamed of owning one, and it was his first choice of a starter. However, when he arrived at Professor Oak's Laboratory, he found out it was too late, as another Trainer who started the same day had already taken it.
In Journey to the Starting Line!, a set of the three Kanto starter Pokémon in which a boy named Gilbert was supposed to choose from as his starting Pokémon were scared off by Ash's Tauros. Professor Oak, Tracey, Delia, and Gilbert had to split up and find the three missing Pokémon. Squirtle was the second one found. The Tiny Turtle Pokémon was stuck in a tree that was hanging over a cliff. Ash's Bulbasaur managed to catch the Squirtle before it could fall off the cliff.
Another one appears in A Six Pack Attack!, where Oak shows them to Max. Suddenly, Team Rocket captures them along with the other Kanto and Hoenn starters. Max finds them and asks Mudkip and Squirtle to cool the bars with Water Gun which eventually frees them. It then helps send Team Rocket blasting off. Another one appears in The Right Place at the Right Mime! along with the other starters, in the end May claims Squirtle.
Various Squirtle's known moves are Tackle and Water Gun.
|| Pokémon - I Choose You!
Gave away to Trainers
Residing at his Lab
There are various Pokémon that live on the Oak Corral. Only a handful have been seen but there are various kinds of different Pokémon. People like Professor Oak and Tracey care for them. Other Trainers' Pokémon reside here such as Gary's.
Previously resided at his Lab
- Main article: Sam
Oak appeared as a young boy, Sam (Japanese: ユキナリ Yukinari) in Celebi: The Voice of the Forest. Ash befriended the young Oak, who, because he time-traveled from 40 years in the past, was around the same age as Ash. The revelation that Sam is Oak, while inferred thanks to disclosure of Oak's first name in The Power of One, comes only at the end of the movie when Oak implicitly confirmed the connection through his knowledge of Sam's name despite Ash having never told him of it. Additionally, Tracey discovered the sketchbook in which young Sam drew Pikachu sleeping with Celebi in Oak's closet.
In the main series, Oak never revealed or discussed Charmeleon, though his past as a Trainer was vaguely mentioned by Agatha in The Scheme Team.
Despite the fact that Sam saw many Generation II Pokémon throughout the movie (notably the Mythical Celebi and the Legendary Suicune), the Pokédex he gifts Ash in the Kanto arc only catalogs Generation I Pokémon, claiming that they were all the Pokémon that the world knows. This discrepancy is likely no longer canon, instead representing a silent retcon that occurred due to the ever-increasing number of Pokémon; indeed, Pokémon from Generation II, Generation III, and Generation IV are able to be trained in Kanto during the Generation I remakes FireRed and LeafGreen, as well as during the Generation II remakes HeartGold and SoulSilver. Perhaps to avoid a similar plothole, the number of Pokémon as of the current generation is no longer explicitly mentioned in anime-related media.
This article is missing information on this character's Japanese voice actor.
You can help by adding this information.
- Main article: Celebi (M04)
Sam met this Celebi during his time. However, it bumped into him while on the pursuit of a Pokémon Hunter which accidentally transports him to the present time of Ash and company. This time, the Iron-Masked Marauder was after Celebi. After Ash and Sam defeated the Marauder by snapping Celebi out of its dark self and got revived by the other Celebi from the past, this Celebi that met Sam took him back to his own time.
|| Celebi: The Voice of the Forest
| Voice actors
|| Kazuko Sugiyama
|| Kazuko Sugiyama
|| Spoilers end here.
|| Voice actor
|| 石塚運昇 Unshō Ishizuka (EP001-SM048)|
堀内賢雄 Kenyu Horiuchi (SM111-present)
戸田恵子 Keiko Toda (young)
|| Stan Hart (EP001-AG133, M02-M04)|
Carter Cathcart (AG186-present, The Mastermind of Mirage Pokémon, M20)
Tara Jayne (young, M04)
|| مروان فرحات Marwan Farhat
|| Martí Pich
|| Jiří Prager (season 1-4, M02)|
Jan Maxián (DP001)
Zdeněk Hruška (the rest of season 10)
Michal Holán (season 11)
Milan Horský (M04 old)
Klára Sochorová (M04 young)
|| Michael Elo|
|| Jon van Eerd (EP001 - AG092)|
Tony Neef (AG093-present)
|| Jefferson Utanes
|| Arto Nieminen (EP001-EP050, M02 and M04)|
Pauli Virta (EP065-EP079, EP127-AG017, M03)
Aarni Kivinen (EP117)
Vesa Hämes (AG071-AG088)
Kari Tamminen (AG112-AG133)
Unknown voice actor (The Mastermind of Mirage Pokémon)
Pasi Ruohonen (AG186-AG192, DP092-XY003)
Aku Laitinen (DP001-DP052)
Tero Koponen (XY140)
Markus Bäckman (SM001-present, M20)
|| Alain Sauvage
|| Jean-Marc Delhausse
|| Achim Geisler
|| Λουκάς Φραγκούλης Loukas Frangoulis (EP001 - XY003)|
Αργύρης Παυλίδης Argiris Pavlidis (SM001-present)
|| יהויכין פרידלנדר Yehoyachin Friedlander|
עמי מנדלמן Ami Mendelman (EP113)
|| फिरोज चोधरी Firoz Chowdary (Cartoon Network dub)|
ॐ झा Aum Jha (Hungama dub)
|| Ákos Kőszegi|
Gabor Vass (AG onward)
|| Arnar Jónsson (M03)
|| Dadan Sundana (Johto saga)|
Frenddy J.H. Pangkey (Diamond & Pearl series)
Turi Sandos (BW001-present)
|| Riccardo Rovatti|
Federico Danti (BW109, Mewtwo — Prologue to Awakening)
|| 구자형 Gu Jahyeong (original series)|
장광 Jang Gwang (AG, DP series)
신용우 Shin Yongu (BW series onward)
|| Even Rasmussen|
|| Grzegorz Pawlak (seasons 1-4; M02-M03)|
Jacek Kałucki (seasons 5-6)
Janusz Wituch (Diamond & Pearl series-present)
|| Wellington Lima (EP001-AG017, AG125-AG133, BW116-BW142)|
Dráuzio de Oliveira (AG071-AG074, AG186-BW109)
Eudes Carvalho (Pokémon Chronicles)
Carlos Seidl (Movies 1-3 - TV version)
Alexandre Moreno (M01 - DVD/VHS version)
Rodrigo Andreatto (young)
Hélio Ribeiro (XY140)
Júlio Chaves (Season 20-present)
|| Rui Luís Brás (Kanto, M03 and M04)|
Rui Quintas (Johto-Battle Frontier)
Paulo B. (M01 and M02)
|| Анатолий Зиновенко Anatolii Zinovenko
|| Latin America
|| Hugo Navarrete|
Arturo Castañeda (young)
|| Roberto Encinas|
Chelo Vivares (young)
|| Bengt Järnblad (M20)|
|| Tunç Özdil|
Erhan Türkmen (M03)
|| Tạ Bá Nghị (BW001-BW108)|
Nguyễn Anh Tuấn (BW109-BW142, XY140-present)
Trần Vũ (XY003)
Unknown voice actress (S01)
In I Choose You!
Professor Oak appeared in I Choose You!, which is set in a timeline separate from the main series. He welcomed Ash when he showed up late at his laboratory and informed him that Squirtle, Bulbasaur, and Charmander had already been chosen by other Trainers. Nonetheless, he had a fourth Pokémon to give to Ash, a stubborn Pikachu. Ash chose Pikachu, and as such, Professor Oak gave him its Poké Ball. Pikachu immediately proved to be quite the problem for Ash, as he shocked him and Professor Oak.
Gives to new Trainers
| Bulbasaur is one of the Pokémon Professor Oak gives away to new Trainers. It was chosen by Marina.
None of Bulbasaur's moves are known.
|| I Choose You!
| Charmander is one of the Pokémon Professor Oak gives away to new Trainers. It was chosen by Tierno.
None of Charmander's moves are known.
|| I Choose You!
|| Pikachu ♂
- Main article: Ash's Pikachu (M20)
Pikachu is a fourth Pokémon that Professor Oak gives away to new Trainers. He is harder to control than the other Pokémon Oak gives away. He was the only Pokémon left, and as such he was given to Ash, who had slept late on the day he was supposed to get his first Pokémon.
|| I Choose You!
Residing at his lab