Pokémon Red and Green Versions

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050Diglett.png This article is incomplete.
Please feel free to edit this article to add missing information and complete it.
Reason: Version history (1.0 vs 1.1).

Pokémon Red Version
ポケットモンスター 赤
Red JP boxart.png
Box art of Pokémon Red Version, depicting Charizard.
Pokémon Green Version
ポケットモンスター 緑
Green JP boxart.png
Box art of Pokémon Green Version, depicting Venusaur.
Basic info
Platform: Game Boy (enhanced for the Super Game Boy and Super Game Boy 2)
Category: RPG
Players: 2 players simultaneous
Connectivity: Game Link Cable (Game Boy)
3DS Wireless (3DS VC)
Developer: Game Freak
Publisher: Nintendo
Part of: Generation I core series
GSRR: 6+ (3DS VC)
Release dates
Japan: February 27, 1996[1][2] (Game Boy)
February 27, 2016 (3DS VC)
North America: As Red and Blue:
September 28, 1998 (Game Boy)
February 27, 2016 (3DS VC)
Australia: As Red and Blue:
November 1, 1998 (Game Boy)
February 27, 2016 (3DS VC)
Europe: As Red and Blue:
October 8, 1999 (Game Boy)
February 27, 2016 (3DS VC)
South Korea: N/A
Hong Kong: February 27, 2016 (3DS VC)
Taiwan: February 27, 2016 (3DS VC)
Japanese: The Pokémon Company (Game Boy)
The Pokémon Company (Virtual Console)
Nintendo (Game Boy)
Nintendo (VC, Red)
Nintendo (VC, Green)
English: N/A

Pokémon Red Version (Japanese: ポケットモンスター 赤 Pocket Monsters: Red) and Pokémon Green Version (Japanese: ポケットモンスター 緑 Pocket Monsters: Green) were the first Pokémon games ever released to the public, in Japan on February 27, 1996.[3][4] Introducing the gameplay concepts that went on to provide the standard for games in the core series, these games were eventually localized and released worldwide as Pokémon Red and Blue Versions, using a combination of the engine from the Japanese Pokémon Blue Version and the obtainable Pokémon from Red and Green. Much as would become standard, Red and Green were later joined by a solitary version, the aforementioned Blue, which slightly improved upon their features and provided the code for the international releases (Red and Blue), and eventually Pokémon Yellow, a second solitary version based on the anime.

In 1999, the sequels to these games, Pokémon Gold and Silver were released with the Game Boy Color in mind but remaining playable on the original Game Boy like Red and Green. In 2004, the remakes of these games were released for the Game Boy Advance as Pokémon FireRed and LeafGreen.

On November 12, 2015, a Nintendo Direct announced that Red and Green will be released in Japan on February 27, 2016, the Pokémon 20th Anniversary, for the Nintendo 3DS Virtual Console. A later Direct on February 26, 2016 confirmed that these digital versions, alongside their international counterparts will be compatible with the Pokémon Bank service; allowing for Pokémon to be transferred to Pokémon Sun and Moon.


201 Spoiler warning: this article may contain major plot or ending details. 201

Red and Green begin the Pokémon series in the region of Kanto, where players play the role of a ten-year-old boy just starting off on a journey as a Pokémon Trainer from his home of Pallet Town, on the same day as his rival, who is the grandson of the local authority on Pokémon, Professor Oak. Oak lets the two boys choose a starter Pokémon, a choice of the Grass-type Bulbasaur, the Fire-type Charmander, or the Water-type Squirtle (and with the player's rival choosing the Pokémon that has a type advantage over the player's Pokémon). Oak also gives them a Pokédex and asks them to catch all the Pokémon in the region.

During their travels, the player will encounter the villainous Team Rocket and their boss Giovanni, a group of criminals that seek to exploit Pokémon as tools, rather than train them as friends and partners. The player must defeat them to put a stop to their crimes, which include killing a Marowak while keeping a man hostage, stealing a Silph Scope, and taking control of Silph Co. to obtain plans for the Master Ball. The rival will also continuously harass the player, challenging him or her to a battle multiple times, with an increasingly powerful team. As the player's own Pokémon become more powerful, he or she draws ever closer to the Indigo Plateau.

Between the battles with Team Rocket, their rival, and other trainers, the player journeys across the region, defeating all the Gym Leaders: Brock, Misty, Lt. Surge, Erika, Koga, Sabrina and Blaine. The eighth and final Gym Leader is Team Rocket's boss, Giovanni, who disbands the team after his final defeat within his Gym. After defeating all eight Gym Leaders, the player goes on to challenge the Elite Four: Lorelei, Bruno, Agatha, and Lance, and finally, in the last battle, the current Champion, the player's rival.

The player becomes the champion after defeating their rival and is commended by Professor Oak for their friendship with Pokémon.


Players may trade Pokémon between two cartridges using a Game Boy Game Link Cable. To take full advantage of this feature, several Pokémon are exclusive to each game of the pair, making it required that a person trade with others in order to complete their Pokédex. The Game Link Cable also makes possible battles with another player, allowing one to pit their Pokémon against new challenges. The games can trade and battle with Japanese versions of Pokémon Red, Green, Blue and Pokémon Yellow. They can also trade with Japanese versions of Pokémon Gold, Silver, and Crystal via the Time Capsule. Pokémon Red and Green are completely incompatible with games from Generation III onward.

Trades between Pokémon games in different languages are possible in this generation; however, a Japanese game cannot connect with a non-Japanese game. The latter will always result in corruption if attempted. This is due to the fact that the games cannot automatically translate the Pokémon data from Japanese to a different language or vice versa, since there is not enough room on either cartridge for all of the text, namely kana and the Latin alphabet (a feature that later became possible). If a battle between a Japanese game and a non-Japanese game is attempted, the battle simply does not work, with the save files left unharmed.

Pokémon Red and Green are compatible with Pokémon Stadium, Pokémon Stadium 2 (released as Pokémon Stadium in English) and Pokémon Stadium Gold and Silver (released as Pokémon Stadium 2 in English). While link battles are not possible directly between Red and Blue and the Generation II games, a player may challenge a Generation II game using Pokémon Stadium Gold and Silver.

Virtual Console

The Nintendo 3DS Virtual Console releases use 3DS wireless communication as a substitute for the Game Link Cable. They also will allow Pokémon to be moved to Pokémon Bank in the future, where they can then be sent to Pokémon Sun and Moon.

Japanese and non-Japanese Generation I core series games do not recognize each other when when attempting to link them via 3DS wireless communication.



As would become the case for each Pokémon game in the core series to come, there are eight Gyms in Kanto, each with their own type affiliation. The Gym Leaders are: Brock (Rock) at Pewter City, Misty (Water) at Cerulean City, Lt. Surge (Electric) at Vermilion City, Erika (Grass) at Celadon City, Koga (Poison) at Fuchsia City, Sabrina (Psychic) at Saffron City, Blaine (Fire) at Cinnabar Island, and Giovanni (Ground) at Viridian City.

Elite Four

Another standard established by Red and Green, the goal for players, the Elite Four, is located at Indigo Plateau. The Elite Trainers are Lorelei (Ice), Bruno (Fighting), Agatha (Ghost), and Lance (Dragon). The Pokémon Champion is the rival, Blue, who does not specialize in any one type.


Each game contains pre-recorded data on 151 different species of Pokémon, including Mew, a Pokémon even Nintendo was not aware of initially.[5] However, not all Pokémon are available to the player, regardless of version; trades must occur between players in order to complete their Pokédex without the use of cheats or glitches. In addition, Mew is not normally obtainable in either game; the only legitimate way to obtain Mew is through a Nintendo sponsored event.

Game-exclusive Pokémon

The following Pokémon are only obtainable in one game of this pair. In order to obtain Pokémon exclusive to the other game of this pair, they must be traded either from that game or from another compatible game of Generation I or Generation II which has that Pokémon available.

023 023 Ekans Poison
024 024 Arbok Poison
043 043 Oddish Grass Poison
044 044 Gloom Grass Poison
045 045 Vileplume Grass Poison
056 056 Mankey Fighting
057 057 Primeape Fighting
058 058 Growlithe Fire
059 059 Arcanine Fire
123 123 Scyther Bug Flying
125 125 Electabuzz Electric
027 027 Sandshrew Ground
028 028 Sandslash Ground
037 037 Vulpix Fire
038 038 Ninetales Fire
052 052 Meowth Normal
053 053 Persian Normal
069 069 Bellsprout Grass Poison
070 070 Weepinbell Grass Poison
071 071 Victreebel Grass Poison
126 126 Magmar Fire
127 127 Pinsir Bug

Differences in the Virtual Console release

050Diglett.png This article is incomplete.
Please feel free to edit this article to add missing information and complete it.
Reason: Complete list of moves with revised animations.

The Nintendo 3DS Virtual Console release can communicate with other Virtual Console versions via Nintendo 3DS wireless communication, simulating the Game Link Cable. In the games, this is accessed from a menu on the touch screen.

In the future, the games will be able to send Pokémon to Pokémon Bank, from where they can be sent to Pokémon Sun and Moon.

The animations for some moves were changed to reduce to amount of flashing in order to prevent having negative health effects on people with photosensitive epilepsy.


Pocket Monsters Red and Green set the precedent for what has become a blockbuster, multi-billion dollar franchise. In Japan, Red, Green, and the third version Blue combined have sold 10.23 million copies.[6] In the United States, Pokémon Red has sold 4.83 million copies, while Pokémon Blue has sold 5.02 million copies.[7] These numbers combine to make a total of 9.85 million copies sold in the US.

Pocket Monsters Red and Green were the namesake of the Generation III remakes of FireRed and LeafGreen released in 2004, even in regions where Blue was paired with Red.


Main article: Pokémon Red and Green beta

Pokémon Red and Green had many pre-release elements that differ from the final release, although Pokémon Red and Blue would later have several altered aspects of their own during the two-and-a-half years between the release of Red and Green, their bug-fixing release, Blue, and the release of the merger of the trio into Red and Blue for overseas markets.

An error made during development causes the Pokémon depicted during Professor Oak's introductory lecture to be a Nidorino but with the cry of a Nidorina. It was not fixed in the Japanese Blue or in Red and Blue.


Main article: Game Boy: Entire Pokémon Sounds Collection CD
Main article: Pokémon Red and Green Super Music Collection

The Game Boy: Entire Pokémon Sounds Collection CD soundtrack, released on November 1, 1997, contains all of the background music and sound effects used in the games, all of which were composed solely by Junichi Masuda. This includes Pokémon cries and Pokédex entries read by "Dexter", Ash's Pokédex. A reissue of the Red and Green soundtrack will be released on April 27, 2016 as Pokémon Red and Green Super Music Collection.


Main article: Staff of Pokémon Red and Blue#Staff list


Dated February 6, 1996 (source)


Pre-release flyer with the earlier release date
  • Development of Red and Green started during 1990, making their development the longest of all Pokémon games by far.
  • The game's main characters, Red and Green, have several default names, among them サトシ Satoshi and シゲル Shigeru, respectively. These names come from Pokémon creator Satoshi Tajiri and his friend and fellow Nintendo developer, Shigeru Miyamoto. When the games were translated into the English Red and Blue, the default names became Red and Blue. Alternative names that could be chosen were Ash and Gary, after the anime characters that share the names Satoshi and Shigeru, respectively.
  • While Red and Green are the first Pokémon games released, they were not necessarily the first Pokémon trademark ever registered. Mew was the first Pokémon trademark ever applied for; the application for the Pokémon was submitted on May 9, 1990, while the application for Pocket Monsters Red and Green was submitted on September 11, 1995. Before Red and Green were granted registered trademarks on December 26, 1997, Mew (then spelled ミュー, not ミュウ) had already become the first Pokémon trademark registered, granted on March 31, 1994; ミュウ was later granted on August 6, 1999.
  • Mew was added to the internal data after the debugging features were removed. The programmers took a great risk in doing so, since further tests for glitches that would have been caused by adding Mew could not be done, which goes against standard programming procedures.
  • The games were originally scheduled for a December 21, 1995 release, according to an old Nintendo of Japan flyer.[8] This could explain the copyright year of 1995 that appears in the games' introductory sequence, and all subsequent games and official merchandise.
  • In The Mastermind of Mirage Pokémon, Professor Oak references these games with his password, "REDGREEN".

In other languages

Language Title
Japan Flag.png Japanese ポケットモンスター 赤・緑
France Flag.png French Pokémon Version Rouge et Version Vert
Germany Flag.png German Pokémon Rote Edition und Grüne Edition
Italy Flag.png Italian Pokémon Red Version e Green Version
South Korea Flag.png Korean 포켓몬스터 레드・그린
Spain Flag.png Spanish Pokémon Edición Roja y Edición Verde

External links


Generation I: Red & GreenBlue (JP)Red & BlueYellow
Generation II: Gold & SilverCrystal
Generation III: Ruby & SapphireFireRed & LeafGreenEmerald
Generation IV: Diamond & PearlPlatinumHeartGold & SoulSilver
Generation V: Black & WhiteBlack 2 & White 2
Generation VI: X & YOmega Ruby & Alpha Sapphire
Generation VII: Sun & Moon
Pokémon game templates

Project Games logo.png This game-related article is part of Project Games, a Bulbapedia project that aims to write comprehensive articles on the Pokémon games.