Characteristics (Japanese: 個性 individuality) are a feature in the Pokémon games, introduced in Generation IV. A Pokémon's Characteristic indicates which stat contains a Pokémon's highest IV. It is displayed on the Pokémon's profile screen where its Nature, date met, place met, and flavor preferenceDPPt are shown.
A Pokémon's Characteristic is determined by the remainder of its highest IV divided by 5 (known as modulo operation in programming). Since it is built this way, Pokémon transferred from the games of Generation III via Pal Park have a Characteristic without their stats being changed.
List of Characteristics
|Possible Individual Values||HP||Attack||Defense||Special Attack||Special Defense||Speed|
|0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30||Loves to eat||Proud of its power||Sturdy body||Highly curious||Strong willed||Likes to run|
|1, 6, 11, 16, 21, 26, 31||Takes plenty of siestas||Likes to thrash about||Capable of taking hits||Mischievous||Somewhat vain||Alert to sounds|
|2, 7, 12, 17, 22, 27||Nods off a lot||A little quick tempered||Highly persistent||Thoroughly cunning||Strongly defiant||Impetuous and silly|
|3, 8, 13, 18, 23, 28||Scatters things often||Likes to fight||Good endurance||Often lost in thought||Hates to lose||Somewhat of a clown|
|4, 9, 14, 19, 24, 29||Likes to relax||Quick tempered||Good perseverance||Very finicky||Somewhat stubborn||Quick to flee|
Note that having a certain Characteristic does not necessarily imply that the highest possible value for an IV is present. A Pokémon with an "Alert to sounds" Characteristic could have a 6 in Speed (and thus very low IVs across all of its stats since none could be higher than 6) instead of a 31 in Speed.
In Generations IV and V, two of the Characteristics were not properly translated from the Japanese releases. The HP Characteristics corresponding to IVs of 1 and 2 were accidentally replaced by the Characteristics corresponding to IVs of 2 and 3, respectively. So, rather than the HP Characteristics being ordered "Takes plenty of siestas", "Nods off a lot" (i.e., "Often dozes off"), and "Scatters things often" as they should have been, they were ordered "Often dozes off", "Often scatters things", "Scatters things often" (note that the last two are different, but only trivially).
In the event of a tie in highest IVs, the IV that determines the Pokémon's Characteristic is decided in the following manner:
Start with the Pokémon's personality value (Generation IV and V) or encryption constant (Generation VI). Take that value mod 6. The result is an index number of a stat in this order: HP, Attack, Defense, Speed, Special Attack, Special Defense. In the event of a tie in IVs, the first IV checked is the IV corresponding to that index number. If that IV is not part of the tie, the game moves on to the next index number in the aforementioned order. If it goes past 5 (Special Defense), it wraps around back to 0 (HP). When the game finds an IV that is part of the tie, that is the IV that will determine the Characteristic displayed.
A Mudkip has the following IVs:
Since its highest IV is 29 in Speed, its Characteristic will be "Quick to flee."
A Ditto has the following IVs and a personality value of 1467750821 in base 10:
Since its highest IV is 17 in both Speed and Special Attack, the result of 1467750821 mod 6, or 5, is used to check against the IV in Special Defense. Since the Special Defense is not part of the tie, the game moves on and wraps back until it reaches Speed, which is part of the tie. Its Characteristic will be "Impetuous and silly."
In other languages
|This game mechanic article is part of Project Games, a Bulbapedia project that aims to write comprehensive articles on the Pokémon games.|